Collective Bargaining Settlements (somewhat technical)

TEXT
Table 1.  Average (mean) changes(1) in wages and compensation under current and
 replaced
Table 2.  Rate changes: Average (mean) changes(1) in wages and compensation in 
private industry
Table 3.  Rate changes: Average (mean) changes(1) in wages and compensation in 
private industry
Table 4.  Rate changes: Percent distribution of workers under private industry 
collective bargaining
Table 5.  Rate changes: Percent distribution of workers under
Table 6.  Rate changes: Percent distribution of workers under construction coll
ective bargaining
Table 7.  Rate changes: Selected characteristics of settlements covering 1,000 
workers or more, by duration of
Table 8.  Rate changes: Average (mean) changes(1) in wages and compensation in 
private industry
Table 9.  Rate changes: Average (mean) changes(1) in wages and compensation in 
private industry
Table 10.  Cost changes:  Average (mean) changes(1) in the cost of compensation
 and components
Table 11.  Cost changes:  Average (mean) changes(1) in the cost of compensation
 and components
Table 12.  Cost changes:  Percent distribution of workers in
Table 13.  Rate changes:  Average changes in wages in private industry collecti
ve bargaining agreements covering 1,000
Table 14.  Rate changes:  Average changes in wages in private industry collecti
ve bargaining

 
Technical Information:                            USDL:  95-29
Janice Devine     (202) 606-6276                  FOR RELEASE:  10:00 A.M.  EST
William Davis     (202) 606-6277                  Tuesday, January 31, 1995
Media Contact:    (202) 606-5902
 
 
                  MAJOR COLLECTIVE BARGAINING SETTLEMENTS IN
              PRIVATE INDUSTRY, FOURTH QUARTER AND FULL YEAR 1994
 
 
        Major collective bargaining settlements reached in private industry
during the fourth quarter of 1994 called for annual changes in wage rates and
compensation over the contract term that were lower, on average, than were
specified in the agreements they replaced, the U.S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today.  This relationship has existed for
nine consecutive quarters.  The Bureau's series on wage changes in major
collective bargaining agreements covers bargaining units of 1,000 workers or
more, while the data on compensation changes relate to bargaining units of
5,000 workers or more.
 
Wage rate changes under settlements
 
        Fourth-quarter settlements specified wage rate changes averaging an
increase of 2.2 percent in the first year of the agreements and 2.5 percent
annually over the term of the contracts.  (See tables 1 and 2.) Corresponding
changes in agreements they replaced (which were primarily negotiated in 1991
and 1992) were increases of 3.4 percent and 3.0 percent.  (Lump-sum payments
and cost-of-living adjustments are not included in specified wage rate
changes.) During the quarter, 77 settlements, covering 272,000 workers, were
concluded.  Settlements in food stores, hotels, amusement and recreation
services, and health services accounted for 56 percent of the workers.
 
        Workers under fourth-quarter settlements accounted for 18 percent of
the 1.5 million workers under the 412 settlements reached in all of 1994.
Settlements during 1994, on average, specified a lower wage rate change over
their term than the contracts being replaced--an annual increase of 2.3 percent
compared with 3.1 percent.  (See the chart.) This has been the pattern in the
last nine 4-quarter periods.  Over their term, agreements reached during 1994
specified wage rate increases for 90 percent of the workers, no rate change for
7 percent, and a net decrease for 3 percent.  (See table 4.)
 
        During 1994, cash lump-sum payment provisions were newly negotiated in
53 agreements for 236,000 workers and dropped in 22 agreements affecting
100,000 workers.  Such provisions now cover 42 percent of the 5.4 million
workers under all major collective bargaining contracts in private industry,
the level that existed when lump-sum information was first compiled in 1987.
Lump-sum coverage had been as high as 44 percent in 1989 and dropped to a low
of 36 percent at the end of 1992.
 
        Seven settlements, for 11,600 workers, reached during 1994 discontinued
cost-of-living adjustment clauses (COLAs) and four settlements for 9,700
workers added them.  At year's end, COLA provisions covered about 24 percent of
the 5.4 million workers under major collective bargaining contracts, the same
as at the end of 1993, but down from 28 percent at the end of 1992 and 30
percent at the end of 1991.  COLA coverage had been about 40 percent from 1987
through 1990.
 
        Thirty-five percent of the workers under settlements reached during
1994 had either a cash lump-sum payment provision or a COLA clause or both.
Their wage changes averaged an increase of 2.3 percent annually over the
contract term, the same as the average gain for workers under settlements with
neither provision.  Lump-sum payments are not part of the ongoing rate
structure and, therefore, are excluded from the rate data.  Such payments,
however, are included in measures of compensation cost changes discussed in the
next section.  Potential wage changes from COLA clauses depend on future price
changes and, therefore, are excluded from both rate and cost data.  See the
Explanatory Note.
 
        Lump-sum payment and COLA provisions typically are negotiated more
frequently for manufacturing than for nonmanufacturing workers.  During 1994,
cash lump-sum payment and COLA provisions covered two-thirds of workers in
manufacturing settlements compared with nearly one-fourth in nonmanufacturing.
For all manufacturing settlements, the annual wage rate change averaged an
increase of 2.3 percent over the contract term.  Settlements with cash lump-sum
and/or COLA provisions had about the same average annual wage change as those
with neither provision--increases of 2.3 percent and 2.2 percent, respectively.
 
        Nonmanufacturing settlements reached in 1994 provided wage rate changes
averaging an increase of 2.3 percent annually over their life.  Those with
either a lump-sum or COLA provision or both called for wage rate changes
averaging an increase of 2.4 percent annually over the life of the agreement
compared with 2.3 percent in settlements with neither provision.
 
 
Compensation cost changes under settlements
 
        The BLS data on negotiated changes in employers' costs for employee
compensation relate to settlements covering 5,000 workers or more.
Compensation cost changes include specified (guaranteed) cash and benefit
lump-sum payments and reflect both the size and timing of compensation rate
changes.  (Lump-sum payments and the timing are not taken into account in the
rate measure.) See the Explanatory Note for a more detailed description of the
cost series.
 
        Forty-six percent of the 272,000 workers covered by all major
settlements negotiated in the fourth quarter of 1994 were covered by
settlements for 5,000 workers or more.  These settlements provided total
compensation cost changes averaging an increase of 1.1 percent annually over
the life of the agreement compared with 2.8 percent in the contracts being
replaced.  During the quarter, annual cost changes over the life of the
agreement averaged 1.4 percent for both wages alone and cash payments (wages
and cash lump-sum payments) to workers.  (See table 10.) Annual cost changes
for benefits averaged 0.5 percent.
 
        Fifty-four percent (835,000) of the workers under all major settlements
reached in 1994 were covered under settlements with 5,000 workers or more.
These settlements provided total compensation cost changes averaging an
increase of 1.5 percent annually over the agreement term.  The corresponding
change in the agreements they replaced was an increase of 2.4 percent.  Over
the agreement term, settlements reached in 1994 specified annual changes
averaging increases of 1.3 percent for wages alone, 1.4 percent for cash
payments (including wages and cash lump-sum payments), and 1.8 percent for
benefit costs.
 
        Twenty-seven percent of the workers under 1994 settlements for 5,000
workers or more had contingent pay provisions which could provide compensation
increases beyond those specified in the settlement.  Examples of such
provisions include COLA clauses and lump-sum provisions that call for a payment
only if company profits exceed a specified amount.  Potential payments under
these provisions are excluded from the series.  Annual compensation cost
changes over the contract term were 2.2 percent in settlements with contingent
pay provisions compared with 1.3 percent in settlements without such
provisions.  (See table 11.)
 
Wage rate changes under all major contracts
 
        In addition to data just presented on changes in rates and costs under
settlements, the Bureau compiled information on wage rate changes during 1994
under all major contracts.  (See tables 13 and 14.) They averaged an increase
of 2.7 percent--0.6 percent from settlements reached during 1994, 1.9 percent
from agreements reached earlier, and 0.2 percent from COLAs.
 
        Approximately 5.4 million workers were covered by these contracts.
About 4.6 million workers had their wages increased, another 743,000 workers
were under major contracts in which wage rates remained the same during the
year, and 56,000 workers had wage cuts.
 
        Wage rate increases in 1994 stemmed from one or more of the following:
1) Settlements reached in the year which provided increases in 1994 averaging
3.3 percent for 1.1 million workers; 2) contracts negotiated earlier that
specified increases in 1994 averaging 3.4 percent for 3 million workers; and 3)
COLA provisions, which yielded average increases of 1.7 percent for 759,000
workers.  About 366,000 additional workers had COLA reviews which did not
produce a wage change, largely because movement in the BLS Consumer Price Index
was insufficient to trigger one.  COLA reviews during 1994 generated average
wage rate changes that amounted to 46 percent of the CPI movement during the
review period.
 
First-quarter 1995 activity
 
        During January-March 1995, 459,000 workers are under 74 major
agreements scheduled to expire or reopen for wage negotiations.  Four-fifths of
these workers are in the railroad, food store, airline, public utility, and
construction industries.  In addition, there are 176,000 workers under 47
agreements that expired or were reopened, but had not been renegotiated or
ratified prior to January 1, 1995.  About 47 percent of these workers are in
the industrial machinery manufacturing, health services, and airline
industries.
 
        In the first quarter, under provisions of agreements negotiated before
1995, wage changes averaging 2.6 percent are scheduled for 499,000 workers,
almost all of whom will receive an increase.  COLA reviews are scheduled for
837,000 workers during the quarter.
 
 
 
 
EXPLANATORY NOTE ABOUT THE DATA
 
        This release covers major collective bargaining units--those with 1,000
or more workers--in private nonfarm industries.  It is limited to production
and related workers in manufacturing and nonsupervisory workers in
nonmanufacturing.  About 6.9 percent of the employed production and
nonsupervisory workers in private industry (excluding households) are covered
by a major bargaining agreement.
 
Wage and compensation changes under settlements
 
        The series on major collective bargaining settlements estimates how
much wage and compensation rates and compensation costs will change from
existing levels as a result of new collective bargaining agreements reached
during specified reference periods.
 
        Compensation rates include:  Straight-time pay for time worked; premium
pay for overtime, weekend, holiday, and shift work; paid leave; life, health,
and sickness and accident insur-ance; pension and other retirement plans;
severance pay; and legally required benefits.  Compensation rates exclude
lump-sum payments because they are not part of the ongoing rate structure.
 
        Compensation costs include:  The items covered by compensation rates
plus specified cash and benefit lump-sum payments, which are excluded from rate
data.
 
        Wage and compensation rate changes:  The rate change for a settlement
is the percent difference between the average rate just prior to the start of a
new agreement and the average rate that would exist at the end of the first 365
days of the new agreement (first year measure) or at its expiration date
(over-the-life measure).  (The over-the-life measure is expressed as an annual
average change.) The average rate change for all settlements is calculated by
first multiplying the rate change for each settlement by the number of workers
under the settlement.  Next, the resulting products are summed, and the sum is
divided by the total number of workers under all settlements.  The result is
the average change for all settlements.
 
        Compensation cost changes:  The compensation cost change for a
settlement is the percent difference between the average cost of compensation
per work hour (including the hourly cost of lump-sum payments made during the
term of the expiring agreement) just prior to the start of a new agreement and
the average cost of compensation per work hour under the settlement.  The
average cost of compensation under the settlement is calculated in two steps,
as follows:  1) Each hourly compensation rate (excluding lump-sum payments) is
multiplied by the number of hours it is to be paid during the agreement; the
products are summed; and the total is divided by the number of work hours over
the agreement term.  The result is the cost per work hour of compensation
excluding specified lump-sum payments.  2) The cost per work hour of specified
lump-sum payments is computed by dividing the total amount of any cash and
benefit lump sums by the total number of work hours over the agreement term.
The sum of the results of steps 1 and 2 is the estimated average cost of
compensation per work hour over the term of the new agreement.  The percent
difference between this amount and the average cost at the end of the expiring
agreement is the average cost change under the settlement.
 
        The average cost change under all settlements is calculated by
multiplying the percent change in cost under each settlement by the number of
workers under the settlement.  The results are summed, and the sum is divided
by the total number of workers under all settlements.
 
        The following example illustrates one of the major differences between
the compensation rate series and the compensation cost series.  Two agreements
(A and B) expire.  At expiration, compensation under each agreement is $10 an
hour.  The agreements are replaced by new settlements that run for 1 year.  The
settlement replacing agreement A immediately increases compensation from $10 an
hour to $10.50 an hour.  The settlement replacing agreement B leaves
compensation unchanged for the first 6 months and then increases compensation
from $10 an hour to $10.50 an hour.
 
        The rate series measures the size of each settlement by calculating the
difference between compensation at the expiration of the old agreement and
compensation at the expiration of the new agreement and computing the percent
change.  Thus, it measures each settlement as providing a 5-percent ($.50/$10)
compensation rate increase over the 1 year term.
 
        The cost series measures the size of each settlement by comparing
employer costs for compensation under the settlement with what they were under
the expiring agreement just before it was renegotiated as follows:  When each
agreement expired, an employee who worked 2,000 hours over the year would cost
the employer $20,000 (2,000 hours at $10).  Under the settlement replacing
agreement A (with the immediate increase), the employer would pay for 2,000
hours at $10.50 an hour, or $21,000 for the year, a 5-percent increase over the
$20,000.  Under the settlement replacing agreement B (with the delayed
increase), the employer would pay for 1,000 hours at $10 an hour and for 1,000
hours at $10.50 an hour, or $20,500 for the year, a 2.5-percent increase over
the $20,000.  Thus, the cost series reflects the influence of timing of changes
during the agreement term which the rate series does not reflect.
 
        For a more detailed description of the compensation cost series and how
it compares with the compensation rate series, see Alvin Bauman, "A New Measure
of Compensation Cost Adjustments," Monthly Labor Review, August 1990, pp.
11-18.
 
        Data on changes under settlements exclude potential increases or
decreases that may result from COLA clauses that are based on future changes in
the CPI unknown at the time of settlement.  The data do, however, include
"guaranteed" COLA payments (those specified when the agreement was reached and
specified to be implemented later) because they are not tied to subsequent
price movements.  Similarly, data on cost changes exclude contingent lump-sum
payments (such as those tied to future profit levels or productivity increases)
but include lump-sum payments guaranteed by the settlement.
 
        Estimates of changes are based on the assumption that conditions
existing at the time of settlement (e.g., composition of the labor force or
methods of funding pensions) will remain con-stant over the life of the
agreement.
 
        In the comparison of current and replaced settlements, current
settlements are those negotiated in the reference period and replaced
settlements refer to the contracts that were in effect just prior to those
agreed to in the reference period.  In a few cases, a current settlement may
not have a prior contract included in the comparison measures.  This occurs
when 1) the current settlement is the first contract between the parties, 2)
the prior contract was out of scope for the series because of the number of
workers covered, or 3) information on the prior contract could not be obtained.
 
 
 
Wage rate changes under all contracts
 
        The series on all major collective bargaining contracts estimates
average wage rate changes during the reference period under settlements reached
during the calendar year as well as under major agreements reached earlier and
remaining in force during the period.
 
        The average change under all contracts in force during a period is
computed by multiplying the percent change under each contract by the number of
workers covered, adding the products, and dividing the sum by the total number
of workers under all contracts.
 
        The average rate change reflects net rate increases, decreases, and
zero changes during the reference period.  Rate increases and decreases stem
from settlements in the calendar year that call for increases or decreases
during the period, from agreements reached earlier with increases or decreases
deferred to the period, and from COLA clauses.  (Although wage increases and
decreases from COLA clauses are not incorporated into base wage rates under all
agreements, they are included in the wage rate change measure for all
contracts.)
 
        Wage changes under COLA clauses are based on changes in the Consumer
Price Index for a review period designated in the agreement.
 
        Data for 1994 are preliminary and may be revised if additional
information is obtained.  Final data are scheduled to be published in the March
1995 issue of Compensation and Working Conditions.
 
        Additional historical information is available from the Office of
Compensation and Working Conditions, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Washington, DC
20212-0001.
 
        Data on major public sector collective bargaining settlements are
developed separately and issued semi-annually.  Data for 1994 are scheduled to
be released in February 1995.
 
        Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request.  Voice phone:  202-606-7828, TDD phone:
202-606-5897, TDD Message Referral Phone Number:  1-800-326-2577.
 
 
Major private industry collective bargaining settlements data for the first
quarter 1995 will be released on April 25, 1995, at 10:00 AM (EDT).
 
Table 1.  Average (mean) changes(1) in wages and compensation under current and
 replaced
private industry collective bargaining settlements, by quarter, and during 4-qu
arter
periods
 
(in percent)
_______________________________________________________________________________
___________
                                    |     |                       |
                                    | 1992|          1993         |          19
94
                                     __________________________________________
___________
              Measure               |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |
                                    |  IV |  I  |  II | III |  IV | I(2)|II(2)|
III(-|IV(3)
                                    |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
  2) |
_______________________________________________________________________________
___________
                                    |
                                    |                 Quarterly averages
                                     __________________________________________
___________
                                    |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |
Wage-rate changes in settlements    |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |
   covering 1,000 workers or more:  |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |
  First-year change(4)              |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |
    Current settlements.............|  1.8|  2.5|  2.5|  1.1|  2.8|  3.0|  2.3|
  1.0|  2.2
    Replaced settlements............|  4.9|  4.4|  4.0|  3.6|  3.4|  5.4|  2.8|
  2.5|  3.4
  Annual change over the contract   |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |
     term(5)                        |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |
    Current settlements.............|  2.6|  2.7|  2.5|  1.7|  2.0|  2.4|  2.4|
  1.9|  2.5
    Replaced settlements............|  4.0|  3.8|  3.5|  3.0|  2.2|  3.7|  3.0|
  2.8|  3.0
Compensation-rate changes in        |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |
   settlements                      |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |
   covering 5,000 workers or more:  |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |
  First-year change(4)              |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |
    Current settlements.............|  1.4|  3.1|  3.2|  1.0|  3.8|  3.0|  3.4|
 (6) |  1.4
    Replaced settlements............|  5.9|  4.6|  5.0|  4.2|  3.8|  5.9|  3.8|
  3.4|  5.3
  Annual change over the contract   |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |
     term(5)                        |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |
    Current settlements.............|  2.7|  3.2|  2.6|  1.4|  2.5|  2.6|  2.9|
  1.4|  2.1
    Replaced settlements............|  4.3|  3.9|  3.9|  2.8|  2.5|  4.1|  3.6|
  3.0|  4.3
Compensation-cost changes in        |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |
   settlements                      |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |
   covering 5,000 workers or more:  |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |
  Annual change over the contract   |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |
     term(5)                        |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |
    Current settlements.............|  1.2|  1.9|  1.8|  0.9|  1.8|  2.0|  1.9|
  0.8|  1.1
    Replaced settlements............|  5.5|  3.9|  2.9|  2.4|  2.0|  3.6|  2.2|
  1.9|  2.8
                                     __________________________________________
___________
                                    |
                                    |                 Four quarters ended
                                     __________________________________________
___________
                                    |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |
Wage-rate changes in settlements    |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |
   covering 1,000 workers or more:  |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |
  First-year change(4)              |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |
    Current settlements.............|  2.7|  2.6|  2.5|  2.0|  2.3|  2.4|  2.3|
  2.3|  2.0
    Replaced settlements............|  3.6|  3.6|  3.9|  4.1|  3.7|  3.9|  3.5|
  3.3|  3.2
  Annual change over the contract   |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |
     term(5)                        |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |
    Current settlements.............|  3.0|  2.9|  2.7|  2.3|  2.1|  2.1|  2.1|
  2.2|  2.3
    Replaced settlements............|  3.4|  3.3|  3.4|  3.5|  2.9|  2.9|  2.8|
  2.7|  3.1
Compensation-rate changes in        |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |
   settlements                      |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |
   covering 5,000 workers or more:  |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |
  First-year change(4)              |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |
    Current settlements.............|  3.0|  3.0|  2.9|  2.1|  3.0|  3.0|  3.1|
  3.1|  2.3
    Replaced settlements............|  4.6|  4.1|  4.6|  4.8|  4.2|  4.3|  4.1|
  3.9|  4.2
  Annual change over the contract   |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |
     term(5)                        |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |
    Current settlements.............|  3.1|  3.1|  2.9|  2.4|  2.4|  2.3|  2.4|
  2.5|  2.4
    Replaced settlements............|  3.7|  3.4|  3.5|  3.6|  2.9|  2.9|  2.9|
  3.0|  3.6
Compensation-cost changes in        |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |
   settlements                      |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |
   covering 5,000 workers or more:  |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |
  Annual change over the contract   |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |
     term(5)                        |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |
    Current settlements.............|  2.1|  2.0|  1.9|  1.4|  1.6|  1.6|  1.6|
  1.7|  1.5
    Replaced settlements............|  3.2|  2.9|  3.0|  3.2|  2.3|  2.4|  2.3|
  2.2|  2.4
_______________________________________________________________________________
___________
 
  1 Includes net increases, decreases, and zero change.  All rate measures excl
ude any
cash or benefit lump-sum payments and potential changes from COLA clauses.
  2 Preliminary revised.
  3 Preliminary.
  4 Changes under settlements reached in the period and effective within 12 mon
ths of the
contract effective date.
  5 Changes under settlements reached in the period expressed as an average ann
ual rate
over the life of the contract.
  6 Less than 0 and greater than -0.05 percent.
 
 
 
 
Table 2.  Rate changes: Average (mean) changes(1) in wages and compensation in 
private industry
collective bargaining settlements, fourth quarter of 1994 (preliminary)
 
(in percent)
_______________________________________________________________________________
____________________
                                               |            |            |     
       |
                                               |            |   Annual   |  Num
ber of |
                    Measure                    | First-year | change over|   wo
rkers  |  Number of
                                               |  change(2) |the contract|   (0
00's)  | settlements
                                               |            |   term(3)  |     
       |
_______________________________________________________________________________
____________________
                                               |            |            |     
       |
                                               |            |            |     
       |
Wage changes in settlements                    |            |            |     
       |
   covering 1,000 workers or more:             |            |            |     
       |
      All industries...........................|     2.2    |     2.5    |     
 272   |      77
        With COLA clauses......................|     1.2    |     2.0    |     
  16   |       8
        Without COLA clauses...................|     2.2    |     2.6    |     
 256   |      69
        With lump-sum provisions...............|     2.5    |     2.2    |     
  48   |      19
        Without lump-sum provisions............|     2.1    |     2.6    |     
 224   |      58
        With either lump sums, COLA, or both...|     2.0    |     2.1    |     
  54   |      22
        With neither lump sums nor COLA........|     2.2    |     2.6    |     
 218   |      55
      Manufacturing............................|     2.3    |     2.4    |     
  37   |      21
        With either lump sums, COLA, or both...|     2.5    |     2.4    |     
  15   |       9
        With neither lump sums nor COLA........|     2.2    |     2.5    |     
  21   |      12
      Nonmanufacturing.........................|     2.1    |     2.6    |     
 235   |      56
        With either lump sums, COLA, or both...|     1.8    |     2.0    |     
  39   |      13
        With neither lump sums nor COLA........|     2.2    |     2.7    |     
 197   |      43
      Goods-producing..........................|     2.4    |     2.5    |     
  46   |      25
      Service-producing........................|     2.1    |     2.5    |     
 226   |      52
                                               |            |            |     
       |
Compensation changes in settlements            |            |            |     
       |
   covering 5,000 workers or more:             |            |            |     
       |
      All industries...........................|     1.4    |     2.1    |     
 124   |      10
        Without COLA clauses...................|     1.4    |     2.1    |     
 124   |      10
_______________________________________________________________________________
____________________
 
  1 Includes net increases, decreases, and zero change.  The lump-sum measures 
refer to whether or
not settlements have cash lump-sum provisions.  All measures exclude any cash o
r benefit lump-sum
payments and potential changes from COLA clauses.
  2 Changes under settlements reached in the period and effective within 12 mon
ths of the contract
effective date.
  3 Changes under settlements reached in the period expressed as an average ann
ual rate over the
life of the contract.
NOTE:  Because of rounding, sums of individual employment items may not equal t
otals.
 
 
 
Table 3.  Rate changes: Average (mean) changes(1) in wages and compensation in 
private industry
collective bargaining settlements, 1994 (preliminary)
 
(in percent)
_______________________________________________________________________________
____________________
                                               |            |            |     
       |
                                               |            |   Annual   |  Num
ber of |
                    Measure                    | First-year | change over|   wo
rkers  |  Number of
                                               |  change(2) |the contract|   (0
00's)  | settlements
                                               |            |   term(3)  |     
       |
_______________________________________________________________________________
____________________
                                               |            |            |     
       |
                                               |            |            |     
       |
Wage changes in settlements                    |            |            |     
       |
   covering 1,000 workers or more:             |            |            |     
       |
      All industries...........................|     2.0    |     2.3    |    1
,539   |     412
        With COLA clauses......................|     2.7    |     2.5    |     
 293   |      56
        Without COLA clauses...................|     1.9    |     2.3    |    1
,246   |     356
        With lump-sum provisions...............|     2.2    |     2.1    |     
 350   |      92
        Without lump-sum provisions............|     2.0    |     2.4    |    1
,189   |     320
        With either lump sums, COLA, or both...|     2.5    |     2.3    |     
 533   |     125
        With neither lump sums nor COLA........|     1.8    |     2.3    |    1
,006   |     287
      Manufacturing............................|     2.3    |     2.3    |     
 426   |     130
        With either lump sums, COLA, or both...|     2.4    |     2.3    |     
 282   |      69
        With neither lump sums nor COLA........|     2.1    |     2.2    |     
 144   |      61
      Nonmanufacturing.........................|     1.9    |     2.3    |    1
,113   |     282
        With either lump sums, COLA, or both...|     2.6    |     2.4    |     
 251   |      56
        With neither lump sums nor COLA........|     1.7    |     2.3    |     
 862   |     226
      Construction.............................|     1.8    |     2.5    |     
 351   |     115
      All industries excluding construction....|     2.1    |     2.3    |    1
,188   |     297
      Nonmanufacturing excluding construction..|     2.0    |     2.3    |     
 763   |     167
      Goods-producing..........................|     2.1    |     2.4    |     
 788   |     248
      Service-producing........................|     2.0    |     2.2    |     
 751   |     164
                                               |            |            |     
       |
Compensation changes in settlements            |            |            |     
       |
   covering 5,000 workers or more:             |            |            |     
       |
      All industries...........................|     2.3    |     2.4    |     
 835   |      59
        With COLA clauses......................|     5.1    |     3.4    |     
 194   |       9
        Without COLA clauses...................|     1.4    |     2.1    |     
 641   |      50
        With lump-sum provisions...............|     3.1    |     2.4    |     
 164   |      13
        Without lump-sum provisions............|     2.1    |     2.4    |     
 671   |      46
        With either lump sums, COLA, or both...|     4.3    |     3.0    |     
 296   |      19
        With neither lump sums nor COLA........|     1.1    |     2.1    |     
 539   |      40
      Manufacturing............................|     3.1    |     2.6    |     
 194   |      13
      Nonmanufacturing.........................|     2.0    |     2.3    |     
 641   |      46
      Construction.............................|     1.1    |     2.1    |     
 153   |      14
      All industries excluding construction....|     2.5    |     2.5    |     
 682   |      45
      Nonmanufacturing excluding construction..|     2.3    |     2.4    |     
 488   |      32
      Goods-producing..........................|     2.3    |     2.4    |     
 354   |      28
      Service-producing........................|     2.3    |     2.4    |     
 481   |      31
_______________________________________________________________________________
____________________
 
  1 Includes net increases, decreases, and zero change.  The lump-sum measures 
refer to whether or
not settlements have cash lump-sum provisions.  All measures exclude any cash o
r benefit lump-sum
payments and potential changes from COLA clauses.
  2 Changes under settlements reached in the period and effective within 12 mon
ths of the contract
effective date.
  3 Changes under settlements reached in the period expressed as an average ann
ual rate over the
life of the contract.
NOTE:  Because of rounding, sums of individual employment items may not equal t
otals.
 
Table 4.  Rate changes: Percent distribution of workers under private industry 
collective bargaining
settlements covering 1,000 workers or more by change(1) in wages, 1994 (prelimi
nary)
_______________________________________________________________________________
_____________________
                                                       |              |        
      |
                                                       |      All     |     Man
u-    |   Nonmanu-
                                                       |  industries  |   factu
ring  |   facturing
                                                        _______________________
_____________________
                        Measure                        |
                                                       |            First-year 
change(2)
_______________________________________________________________________________
_____________________
                                                       |
                                                       |              |        
      |
Number of workers (in thousands).......................|     1,539    |       4
26    |     1,113
                                                       |              |        
      |
                                                       |              |        
      |
Percent of workers                                     |              |        
      |
  All settlements......................................|      100     |      10
0     |      100
                                                       |              |        
      |
     No wage change....................................|       25     |       2
7     |       23
     Decreases(3)......................................|        3     |        
1     |        4
     Increases.........................................|       72     |       7
2     |       72
        Under 2 percent................................|        8     |       1
1     |        7
        2 and under 3 percent..........................|       19     |       1
1     |       22
        3 and under 4 percent..........................|       27     |       2
5     |       28
        4 percent and over ............................|       18     |       2
6     |       16
                                                       |              |        
      |
                                                       |              |        
      |
Changes (in percent):                                  |              |        
      |
  Mean change..........................................|      2.0     |      2.
3     |      1.9
  Median change........................................|      2.7     |      3.
0     |      2.6
                                                       |              |        
      |
  Mean increase........................................|      3.3     |      3.
2     |      3.3
  Median increase......................................|      3.2     |      3.
7     |      3.1
                                                       |              |        
      |
                                                        _______________________
_____________________
                                                       |
                                                       |   Annual change over t
he contract term(4)
                                                        _______________________
_____________________
                                                       |
                                                       |              |        
      |
Number of workers (in thousands).......................|     1,539    |       4
26    |     1,113
                                                       |              |        
      |
                                                       |              |        
      |
Percent of workers                                     |              |        
      |
  All settlements......................................|      100     |      10
0     |      100
                                                       |              |        
      |
     No wage change....................................|        7     |        
9     |        6
     Decreases(3)......................................|        3     |        
1     |        4
     Increases.........................................|       90     |       9
0     |       90
        Under 2 percent................................|       31     |       3
1     |       30
        2 and under 3 percent..........................|       28     |       2
8     |       28
        3 and under 4 percent..........................|       24     |       2
7     |       22
        4 percent and over.............................|        8     |        
4     |        9
                                                       |              |        
      |
                                                       |              |        
      |
Changes (in percent):                                  |              |        
      |
  Mean change..........................................|      2.3     |      2.
3     |      2.3
  Median change........................................|      2.4     |      2.
5     |      2.4
                                                       |              |        
      |
  Mean increase........................................|      2.6     |      2.
5     |      2.7
  Median increase......................................|      2.6     |      2.
8     |      2.5
_______________________________________________________________________________
_____________________
 
  1 Mean and median changes include net increases, decreases, and zero change. 
 Mean and median
increases refer to only those settlements with a net increase.  Data exclude lu
mp-sum payments and
potential changes from COLA clauses.
  2 Changes under settlements reached in the period and effective within 12 mon
ths of the contract
effective date.
  3 Distributions are not shown to protect confidentiality.
  4 Changes under settlements reached in the period expressed as an average ann
ual rate over the
life of the contract.
NOTE:  Because of rounding, sums of individual employment items may not equal t
otals.
 
 
 
 
Table 5.  Rate changes: Percent distribution of workers under
private industry collective bargaining settlements covering 5,000
workers or more by change(1) in compensation, 1994 (preliminary)
__________________________________________________________________
                                             |
                   Measure                   |First-year change(2)
__________________________________________________________________
                                             |
                                             |
                                             |
Total number of workers (in thousands).......|          835
                                             |
Percent of workers                           |
                                             |
  All settlements............................|         100
                                             |
     No change...............................|          14
     Decreases(3)............................|          10
     Increases...............................|          76
        Under 2 percent......................|          10
        2 and under 3 percent................|          14
        3 and under 4 percent................|          18
        4 percent and over...................|          34
                                             |
Changes (in percent):                        |
  Mean change................................|         2.3
  Median change..............................|         3.0
                                             |
  Mean increase..............................|         3.8
  Median increase............................|         3.7
                                             |
                                              ____________________
                                             |
                                             | Annual change over
                                             |the contract term(4)
                                              ____________________
                                             |
                                             |
                                             |
Total number of workers (in thousands).......|          835
                                             |
Percent of workers                           |
                                             |
  All settlements............................|         100
                                             |
     No change...............................|           0
     Decreases(3)............................|           5
     Increases...............................|          95
        Under 2 percent......................|          31
        2 and under 3 percent................|          25
        3 and under 4 percent................|          24
        4 percent and over...................|          15
                                             |
Changes (in percent):                        |
  Mean change................................|         2.4
  Median change..............................|         2.5
                                             |
  Mean increase..............................|         2.6
  Median increase............................|         2.5
__________________________________________________________________
 
  1 Mean and median changes include net increases, decreases, and
zero change.  Mean and median increases refer to only those
settlements with a net increase.  Data exclude any cash or benefit
lump-sum payments and potential changes from COLA clauses.
  2 Changes under settlements reached in the period and effective
within 12 months of the contract effective date.
  3 Distributions are not shown to protect confidentiality.
  4 Changes under settlements reached in the period expressed as
an average annual rate over the life of the contract.
NOTE:  Because of rounding, sums of individual employment items
may not equal totals.
 
 
 
Table 6.  Rate changes: Percent distribution of workers under construction coll
ective bargaining
settlements covering 1,000 workers or more by change(1) in compensation and wag
es, 1994
(preliminary)
_______________________________________________________________________________
_____________________
                                                            |
                                                            |          First-ye
ar change(2)
                                                             __________________
_____________________
                          Measure                           |
                                                            |                  
 |
                                                            |    Compensation  
 |    Wages alone
_______________________________________________________________________________
_____________________
                                                            |                  
 |
                                                            |                  
 |
                                                            |                  
 |
Total number of workers (in thousands)......................|         351      
 |         351
                                                            |                  
 |
Percent of workers                                          |                  
 |
                                                            |                  
 |
  All settlements...........................................|        100       
 |        100
                                                            |                  
 |
     No change..............................................|         29       
 |         39
     Decreases(3)...........................................|          2       
 |          2
     Increases..............................................|         68       
 |         58
        Under 2 percent.....................................|         17       
 |         11
        2 and under 3 percent...............................|         24       
 |         25
        3 and under 4 percent...............................|         13       
 |         10
        4 and under 5 percent...............................|          7       
 |          4
        5 percent and over..................................|          8       
 |          8
                                                            |                  
 |
Changes (in percent):                                       |                  
 |
  Mean change...............................................|         2.0      
 |         1.8
  Median change.............................................|         2.1      
 |         1.9
                                                            |                  
 |
  Mean increase.............................................|         3.2      
 |         3.4
  Median increase...........................................|         2.6      
 |         2.7
                                                            |                  
 |
                                                             __________________
_____________________
                                                            |
                                                            |Annual change over
 the contract term(4)
                                                             __________________
_____________________
                                                            |
                                                            |                  
 |
                                                            |    Compensation  
 |    Wages alone
                                                             __________________
_____________________
                                                            |                  
 |
                                                            |                  
 |
                                                            |                  
 |
Total number of workers (in thousands)......................|         351      
 |         351
                                                            |                  
 |
Percent of workers                                          |                  
 |
                                                            |                  
 |
  All settlements...........................................|        100       
 |        100
                                                            |                  
 |
     No change..............................................|          3       
 |          7
     Decreases(3)...........................................|          2       
 |          2
     Increases..............................................|         95       
 |         90
        Under 2 percent.....................................|         36       
 |         32
        2 and under 3 percent...............................|         29       
 |         23
        3 and under 4 percent...............................|         16       
 |         21
        4 and under 5 percent...............................|          6       
 |          7
        5 percent and over..................................|          8       
 |          8
                                                            |                  
 |
Changes (in percent):                                       |                  
 |
  Mean change...............................................|         2.5      
 |         2.5
  Median change.............................................|         2.3      
 |         2.4
                                                            |                  
 |
  Mean increase.............................................|         2.7      
 |         2.9
  Median increase...........................................|         2.4      
 |         2.6
_______________________________________________________________________________
_____________________
 
  1 Mean and median changes include net increases, decreases, and zero change. 
 Mean and median
increases refer to only those settlements with a net increase.  Data exclude an
y cash or benefit
lump-sum payments and potential changes from COLA clauses.
  2 Changes under settlements reached in the period and effective within 12 mon
ths of the contract
effective date.
  3 Distributions are not shown to protect confidentiality.
  4 Changes under settlements reached in the period expressed as an average ann
ual rate over the
life of the contract.
NOTE:  Because of rounding, sums of individual employment items may not equal t
otals.
 
 
Table 7.  Rate changes: Selected characteristics of settlements covering 1,000 
workers or more, by duration of
contract, 1994 (preliminary)
_______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________
                                        |
                                        |                              Contract
 duration
                                         ______________________________________
______________________________________
                                        |          |          |          |     
     |          |          |
                Measure                 |          |          | More than|     
     | More than|          |
                                        |    All   | 12 months|  12 and  | 24 m
onths|  24 and  | 36 months| More than
                                        | contracts|  or less | less than|     
     | less than|          | 36 months
                                        |          |          | 24 months|     
     | 36 months|          |
_______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________
                                        |          |          |          |     
     |          |          |
                                        |          |          |          |     
     |          |          |
Number of settlements...................|     412  |      31  |      11  |     
 33  |      62  |     144  |     131
                                        |          |          |          |     
     |          |          |
Number of workers (in thousands)........|   1,539  |      79  |      16  |     
114  |     219  |     521  |     590
                                        |          |          |          |     
     |          |          |
Average contract duration (months)......|    37.8  |    11.0  |    16.2  |    2
4.0  |    32.2  |    36.0  |    48.2
                                        |          |          |          |     
     |          |          |
Percent change in wages:(1)             |          |          |          |     
     |          |          |
                                        |          |          |          |     
     |          |          |
  Annualized over the contract term.....|     2.3  |     2.4  |     2.0  |     
2.2  |     2.3  |     2.5  |     2.2
                                        |          |          |          |     
     |          |          |
  Occurring in:                         |          |          |          |     
     |          |          |
    First contract year(2)..............|     2.0  |     2.1  |     2.3  |     
2.2  |     2.3  |     2.3  |     1.7
    Second contract year(3).............|     2.4  |      NA  |     0.4  |     
2.2  |     2.4  |     2.6  |     2.5
    Third contract year(4)..............|     2.5  |      NA  |      NA  |     
 NA  |     1.5  |     2.6  |     2.7
    Fourth contract year(5).............|     1.3  |      NA  |      NA  |     
 NA  |      NA  |      NA  |     1.3
_______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________
 
  1 Includes net increases, decreases, and zero change.  Excludes lump-sum paym
ents and potential changes from COLA
clauses.
  2 Data are not annualized.
  3 Average is based only on settlements with a duration greater than 12 months
.  Data are not annualized.
  4 Average is based only on settlements with a duration greater than 24 months
.  Data are not annualized.
  5 Average is based only on settlements with a duration greater than 36 months
.  Data are not annualized.
  NOTE: "NA" indicates not applicable.  Because of rounding, sums of individual
 employment items may not equal
totals.
 
 
Table 8.  Rate changes: Average (mean) changes(1) in wages and compensation in 
private industry
collective bargaining settlements, by year and quarter
 
(in percent)
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________
                                          |           |
                                          |   Annual  |               Quarterly
 averages
                                          |  averages |
                                           ____________________________________
_______________________
                                          |     |     |                       |
                 Measure                  |     |     |          1993         |
          1994
                                                       ________________________
_______________________
                                          | 1993| 1994|     |     |     |     |
     |     |     |
                                          |     |     |  I  |  II | III |  IV |
 I(2)|II(2)|III(-|IV(3)
                                          |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |     |  2) |
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________
                                          |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |     |     |
Wage changes in settlements covering 1,000|     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |     |     |
   workers or more:                       |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |     |     |
  First year(4)                           |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |     |     |
    All industries........................|  2.3|  2.0|  2.5|  2.5|  1.1|  2.8|
  3.0|  2.3|  1.0|  2.2
     With COLA clauses....................|  2.8|  2.7|  3.1|  1.2| (5) | (5) |
 (5) |  3.2| (5) |  1.2
     Without COLA clauses.................|  2.1|  1.9|  2.1|  2.7| (5) | (5) |
 (5) |  1.9| (5) |  2.2
     With lump sums.......................|  2.6|  2.2|  2.4|  1.4| (5) | (5) |
  2.5|  2.8|  1.0|  2.5
     Without lump sums....................|  2.0|  2.0|  2.6|  2.9| (5) | (5) |
  3.3|  2.1|  0.9|  2.1
     With either lump sums, COLA, or both.|  2.6|  2.5|  2.4|  1.5|  2.5|  2.9|
  2.5|  3.0|  1.8|  2.0
     With neither lump sums nor COLA......|  2.0|  1.8|  2.6|  2.9|  0.2|  2.7|
  3.3|  1.8|  0.4|  2.2
    Manufacturing.........................|  2.7|  2.3|  4.0|  1.7| (5) | (5) |
  1.4|  3.0|  1.9|  2.3
     With either lump sums, COLA, or both.|  2.7|  2.4|  4.2|  1.1| (5) | (5) |
  1.0|  3.0|  2.1|  2.5
     With neither lump sums nor COLA......|  2.9|  2.1|  3.7|  2.6| (5) | (5) |
  2.1|  2.8|  1.8|  2.2
    Nonmanufacturing......................|  2.1|  1.9|  1.7|  2.8| (5) | (5) |
  3.5|  2.0|  0.1|  2.1
     With either lump sums, COLA, or both.|  2.4|  2.6|  0.9|  2.0| (5) | (5) |
  3.7|  3.0|  1.4|  1.8
     With neither lump sums nor COLA......|  1.8|  1.7|  2.2|  3.0| (5) | (5) |
  3.4|  1.7| -0.3|  2.2
    Construction..........................|  2.1|  1.8| (5) |  2.3|  1.7| (5) |
 (5) |  1.0|  2.2| (5)
    All industries excluding construction.|  2.4|  2.1| (5) |  2.7|  1.0| (5) |
 (5) |  2.9|  0.5| (5)
    Nonmanufacturing excluding            |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |     |     |
       construction.......................|  2.0|  2.0| (5) |  3.4| (5) | (5) |
 (5) |  2.8| -1.6| (5)
    Goods-producing.......................|  2.6|  2.1|  3.6|  2.1| (5) | (5) |
  3.1|  1.9|  2.1|  2.4
    Service-producing.....................|  2.0|  2.0|  1.5|  3.4| (5) | (5) |
  2.9|  2.8| -1.6|  2.1
 Annual average over the contract term(6) |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |     |     |
   All industries.........................|  2.1|  2.3|  2.7|  2.5|  1.7|  2.0|
  2.4|  2.4|  1.9|  2.5
    With COLA clauses.....................|  1.4|  2.5|  3.0|  0.9| (5) | (5) |
 (5) |  2.7| (5) |  2.0
    Without COLA clauses..................|  2.5|  2.3|  2.6|  2.7| (5) | (5) |
 (5) |  2.3| (5) |  2.6
    With lump sums........................|  1.9|  2.1|  2.6|  1.4| (5) | (5) |
  1.7|  2.5|  1.8|  2.2
    Without lump sums.....................|  2.5|  2.4|  2.8|  2.8| (5) | (5) |
  2.8|  2.4|  1.9|  2.6
    With either lump sums, COLA, or both..|  1.9|  2.3|  2.6|  1.5|  1.5|  1.9|
  1.7|  2.7|  2.1|  2.1
    With neither lump sums nor COLA.......|  2.5|  2.3|  2.8|  2.9|  1.8|  2.2|
  2.8|  2.3|  1.7|  2.6
   Manufacturing..........................|  1.5|  2.3|  3.5|  1.3| (5) | (5) |
  1.7|  2.6|  2.1|  2.4
    With either lump sums, COLA, or both..|  1.3|  2.3|  3.7|  0.6| (5) | (5) |
  1.3|  2.6|  2.1|  2.4
    With neither lump sums nor COLA.......|  2.5|  2.2|  3.2|  2.4| (5) | (5) |
  2.5|  2.5|  2.0|  2.5
   Nonmanufacturing.......................|  2.5|  2.3|  2.3|  2.8| (5) | (5) |
  2.7|  2.4|  1.7|  2.6
    With either lump sums, COLA, or both..|  2.6|  2.4|  1.7|  2.4| (5) | (5) |
  2.0|  2.7|  2.1|  2.0
    With neither lump sums nor COLA.......|  2.5|  2.3|  2.7|  2.9| (5) | (5) |
  2.9|  2.3|  1.6|  2.7
   Construction...........................|  2.6|  2.5| (5) |  2.7|  2.1| (5) |
 (5) |  2.3|  2.5| (5)
   All industries excluding construction..|  2.1|  2.3| (5) |  2.4|  1.6| (5) |
 (5) |  2.5|  1.7| (5)
   Nonmanufacturing excluding construction|  2.5|  2.3| (5) |  3.1| (5) | (5) |
 (5) |  2.5|  1.1| (5)
   Goods-producing........................|  1.9|  2.4|  3.4|  2.2| (5) | (5) |
  2.8|  2.4|  2.2|  2.5
   Service-producing......................|  2.6|  2.2|  2.1|  3.1| (5) | (5) |
  2.2|  2.5|  1.1|  2.5
                                          |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |     |     |
Compensation changes in settlements       |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |     |     |
   covering 5,000 workers or more:        |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |     |     |
  All industries                          |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |     |     |
    First year(4).........................|  3.0|  2.3|  3.1|  3.2|  1.0|  3.8|
  3.0|  3.4| (7) |  1.4
     With COLA clauses....................|  3.2|  5.1|  4.3|  1.7| (5) | (5) |
  -  | (5) | (5) |  -
     Without COLA clauses.................|  2.9|  1.4|  1.7|  3.4| (5) | (5) |
  3.0| (5) | (5) |  1.4
        Annual average over the contract  |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |     |     |
   term(6)................................|  2.4|  2.4|  3.2|  2.6|  1.4|  2.5|
  2.6|  2.9|  1.4|  2.1
         With COLA clauses................|  1.7|  3.4|  3.8|  0.6| (5) | (5) |
  -  | (5) | (5) |  -
         Without COLA clauses.............|  2.8|  2.1|  2.4|  2.9| (5) | (5) |
  2.6| (5) | (5) |  2.1
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________
 
  1  Includes net increases, decreases, and zero change.  The lump-sum measures
 refer to whether or
not settlements have cash lump-sum provisions.  All measures exclude any cash o
r benefit lump-sum
payments and potential changes from COLA clauses.
  2 Preliminary revised.
  3 Preliminary.
  4 Changes under settlements reached in the period and effective within 12 mon
ths of the contract
effective date.
  5 Data do not meet publication standards.
  6 Changes under settlements reached in the period expressed as an average ann
ual rate over the life
of the contract.
  7 Less than 0 and greater than -0.05 percent.
  - There were no settlements in this cell.
 
 
Table 9.  Rate changes: Average (mean) changes(1) in wages and compensation in 
private industry
collective bargaining settlements during 4-quarter periods
 
(in percent)
_______________________________________________________________________________
_________________
                                          |
                                          |                 Four quarters ended
                                           ____________________________________
_________________
                                          |     |                       |
                 Measure                  | 1992|          1993         |      
    1994
                                           ____________________________________
_________________
                                          |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |     |
                                          |  IV |  I  |  II | III |  IV | I(2)|
II(2)|III(-|IV(3)
                                          |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |  2) |
_______________________________________________________________________________
_________________
                                          |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |     |
                                          |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |     |
Wage changes in settlements covering 1,000|     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |     |
   workers or more:                       |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |     |
  First year(4)                           |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |     |
    All industries........................|  2.7|  2.6|  2.5|  2.0|  2.3|  2.4|
  2.3|  2.3|  2.0
     With COLA clauses....................|  2.7|  2.8|  2.7|  2.5|  2.8|  2.7|
  3.0|  2.9|  2.7
     Without COLA clauses.................|  2.7|  2.6|  2.5|  1.8|  2.1|  2.3|
  2.0|  2.1|  1.9
     With lump sums.......................|  2.8|  2.7|  2.6|  2.3|  2.6|  2.6|
  2.8|  2.7|  2.2
     Without lump sums....................|  2.6|  2.6|  2.5|  1.8|  2.0|  2.1|
  1.8|  2.0|  2.0
     With either lump sums, COLA, or both.|  2.8|  2.7|  2.6|  2.3|  2.6|  2.6|
  2.8|  2.7|  2.5
     With neither lump sums nor COLA......|  2.6|  2.6|  2.5|  1.7|  2.0|  2.1|
  1.6|  1.8|  1.8
    Manufacturing.........................|  2.6|  2.9|  2.8|  2.5|  2.7|  2.5|
  2.7|  2.6|  2.3
     With either lump sums, COLA, or both.|  1.9|  2.4|  2.3|  2.3|  2.7|  2.4|
  2.7|  2.7|  2.4
     With neither lump sums nor COLA......|  3.4|  3.4|  3.3|  3.1|  2.9|  2.6|
  2.6|  2.2|  2.1
    Nonmanufacturing......................|  2.7|  2.6|  2.5|  1.7|  2.1|  2.3|
  2.1|  2.2|  1.9
     With either lump sums, COLA, or both.|  3.2|  2.8|  2.7|  2.3|  2.4|  2.8|
  2.9|  2.8|  2.6
     With neither lump sums nor COLA......|  2.5|  2.4|  2.4|  1.5|  1.8|  2.0|
  1.5|  1.7|  1.7
    Construction..........................|  2.0|  1.9|  1.8|  2.0|  2.1|  2.4|
  1.7|  1.8|  1.8
    All industries excluding construction.|  2.9|  2.8|  2.7|  1.9|  2.4|  2.4|
  2.4|  2.4|  2.1
    Nonmanufacturing excluding            |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |     |
       construction.......................|  3.0|  2.8|  2.7|  1.5|  2.0|  2.3|
  2.2|  2.3|  2.0
    Goods-producing.......................|  2.3|  2.4|  2.3|  2.3|  2.6|  2.5|
  2.4|  2.4|  2.1
    Service-producing.....................|  3.0|  2.8|  2.7|  1.5|  2.0|  2.2|
  2.2|  2.2|  2.0
 Annual average over the contract term(5) |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |     |
   All industries.........................|  3.0|  2.9|  2.7|  2.3|  2.1|  2.1|
  2.1|  2.2|  2.3
    With COLA clauses.....................|  2.5|  2.6|  2.5|  2.1|  1.4|  1.0|
  1.5|  1.7|  2.5
    Without COLA clauses..................|  3.1|  3.0|  2.8|  2.4|  2.5|  2.5|
  2.4|  2.4|  2.3
    With lump sums........................|  2.9|  2.9|  2.7|  2.1|  1.9|  1.8|
  1.9|  2.0|  2.1
    Without lump sums.....................|  3.0|  2.9|  2.8|  2.4|  2.5|  2.5|
  2.3|  2.3|  2.4
    With either lump sums, COLA, or both..|  2.9|  2.8|  2.7|  2.1|  1.9|  1.8|
  2.0|  2.1|  2.3
    With neither lump sums nor COLA.......|  3.0|  3.0|  2.8|  2.5|  2.5|  2.5|
  2.2|  2.2|  2.3
   Manufacturing..........................|  2.6|  2.8|  2.6|  2.1|  1.5|  1.3|
  1.5|  1.7|  2.3
    With either lump sums, COLA, or both..|  2.0|  2.4|  2.2|  1.8|  1.3|  1.0|
  1.4|  1.6|  2.3
    With neither lump sums nor COLA.......|  3.2|  3.2|  3.0|  2.9|  2.5|  2.3|
  2.3|  2.0|  2.2
   Nonmanufacturing.......................|  3.0|  2.9|  2.8|  2.4|  2.5|  2.6|
  2.4|  2.5|  2.3
    With either lump sums, COLA, or both..|  3.2|  3.0|  2.9|  2.5|  2.6|  2.7|
  2.7|  2.7|  2.4
    With neither lump sums nor COLA.......|  3.0|  2.9|  2.7|  2.4|  2.5|  2.5|
  2.2|  2.3|  2.3
   Construction...........................|  2.4|  2.5|  2.4|  2.4|  2.6|  2.7|
  2.5|  2.6|  2.5
   All industries excluding construction..|  3.1|  3.0|  2.9|  2.3|  2.1|  2.0|
  2.0|  2.1|  2.3
   Nonmanufacturing excluding construction|  3.3|  3.1|  3.0|  2.4|  2.5|  2.5|
  2.4|  2.4|  2.3
   Goods-producing........................|  2.5|  2.6|  2.5|  2.3|  1.9|  1.8|
  1.8|  2.0|  2.4
   Service-producing......................|  3.3|  3.1|  3.0|  2.4|  2.6|  2.6|
  2.5|  2.5|  2.2
                                          |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |     |
Compensation changes in settlements       |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |     |
   covering 5,000 workers or more:        |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |     |
  All industries                          |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |     |
    First year(4).........................|  3.0|  3.0|  2.9|  2.1|  3.0|  3.0|
  3.1|  3.1|  2.3
     With COLA clauses....................|  4.1|  4.2|  4.2|  3.0|  3.2| (6) |
  3.7|  4.0|  5.1
     Without COLA clauses.................|  2.7|  2.6|  2.4|  1.5|  2.9| (6) |
  2.8|  2.6|  1.4
       Annual average over the contract   |     |     |     |     |     |     |
     |     |
   term(5)................................|  3.1|  3.1|  2.9|  2.4|  2.4|  2.3|
  2.4|  2.5|  2.4
        With COLA clauses.................|  3.0|  3.3|  3.3|  2.5|  1.7| (6) |
  1.9|  2.1|  3.4
        Without COLA clauses..............|  3.2|  3.0|  2.8|  2.3|  2.8| (6) |
  2.7|  2.6|  2.1
_______________________________________________________________________________
_________________
 
  1 Includes net increases, decreases, and zero change.  The lump-sum measures 
refer to whether
or not settlements have cash lump-sum provisions.  All measures exclude any cas
h or benefit
lump-sum payments and potential changes from COLA clauses.
  2 Preliminary revised.
  3 Preliminary.
  4 Changes under settlements reached in the period and effective within 12 mon
ths of the
contract effective date.
  5 Changes under settlements reached in the period expressed as an average ann
ual rate over the
contract term.
  6 Data do not meet publication standards.
 
 
Table 10.  Cost changes:  Average (mean) changes(1) in the cost of compensation
 and components
annualized over the life of the contract(2) in private industry collective barg
aining
settlements covering 5,000 workers or more, by quarter, and during 4-quarter pe
riods
 
(in percent)
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________
                                        |     |                       |
                                        | 1992|          1993         |        
  1994
                                         ______________________________________
_______________
                                        |     |     |     |     |     |     |  
   |     |
                  Item                  |  IV |  I  |  II | III |  IV | I(3)|II
(3)|III(-|IV(4)
                                        |     |     |     |     |     |     |  
   |  3) |
                                         ______________________________________
_______________
                                        |
                                        |                  Quarterly averages
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________
                                        |     |     |     |     |     |     |  
   |     |
                                        |     |     |     |     |     |     |  
   |     |
                                        |     |     |     |     |     |     |  
   |     |
     All industries                     |     |     |     |     |     |     |  
   |     |
         Compensation ..................|  1.2|  1.9|  1.8|  0.9|  1.8|  2.0|  
1.9|  0.8|  1.1
         Cash payments (5)..............|  1.1|  1.4|  1.7|  0.8|  1.4|  1.9|  
1.4|  0.9|  1.4
         Wages..........................|  1.3|  1.6|  1.7|  0.7|  1.4|  1.7|  
1.4|  0.9|  1.4
         Benefits.......................|  1.4|  2.7|  1.8|  1.1|  2.4|  2.1|  
2.7|  0.5|  0.5
                                        |     |     |     |     |     |     |  
   |     |
                                         ______________________________________
_______________
                                        |
                                        |                 Four quarters ended
                                         ______________________________________
_______________
                                        |     |     |     |     |     |     |  
   |     |
                                        |     |     |     |     |     |     |  
   |     |
                                        |     |     |     |     |     |     |  
   |     |
     All industries                     |     |     |     |     |     |     |  
   |     |
         Compensation...................|  2.1|  2.0|  1.9|  1.4|  1.6|  1.6|  
1.6|  1.7|  1.5
         Cash payments(5)...............|  1.9|  1.8|  1.7|  1.2|  1.3|  1.3|  
1.3|  1.4|  1.4
         Wages..........................|  1.9|  1.9|  1.8|  1.3|  1.3|  1.3|  
1.3|  1.4|  1.3
         Benefits.......................|  2.6|  2.5|  2.3|  1.7|  2.1|  2.0|  
2.2|  2.2|  1.8
      With contingent pay provisions(6) |     |     |     |     |     |     |  
   |     |
         Compensation...................|  2.1|  2.1|  2.0|  1.4|  1.5|  1.4|  
1.7|  1.9|  2.2
         Cash payments(5)...............|  2.0|  1.9|  1.7|  1.2|  1.2|  1.2|  
1.3|  1.4|  1.8
         Wages..........................|  2.0|  2.0|  1.9|  1.4|  1.4|  1.3|  
1.4|  1.6|  1.6
         Benefits.......................|  2.3|  2.5|  2.5|  1.8|  2.0|  1.8|  
2.3|  2.5|  3.0
      Without contingent pay            |     |     |     |     |     |     |  
   |     |
       provisions(6)                    |     |     |     |     |     |     |  
   |     |
         Compensation...................|  2.2|  2.0|  1.9|  1.4|  1.7|  1.8|  
1.6|  1.5|  1.3
         Cash payments(5)...............|  1.9|  1.8|  1.7|  1.3|  1.4|  1.6|  
1.3|  1.3|  1.3
         Wages..........................|  1.9|  1.8|  1.7|  1.2|  1.3|  1.4|  
1.1|  1.1|  1.2
         Benefits.......................|  2.7|  2.5|  2.3|  1.6|  2.1|  2.2|  
2.1|  1.8|  1.3
      Manufacturing                     |     |     |     |     |     |     |  
   |     |
         Compensation...................|  2.1|  2.1|  1.8|  1.1|  1.2|  1.1|  
1.3|  1.5|  1.9
         Cash payments(5)...............|  1.5|  1.6|  1.3|  1.0|  0.8|  0.7|  
0.9|  1.0|  1.7
         Wages..........................|  1.7|  2.0|  1.7|  1.2|  1.1|  0.9|  
1.1|  1.2|  1.5
         Benefits.......................|  3.4|  3.3|  2.7|  1.4|  1.6|  1.5|  
1.9|  2.1|  2.3
      Nonmanufacturing                  |     |     |     |     |     |     |  
   |     |
         Compensation...................|  2.1|  2.0|  2.0|  1.5|  1.9|  2.0|  
1.8|  1.8|  1.4
         Cash payments(5)...............|  2.0|  1.9|  1.8|  1.3|  1.6|  1.8|  
1.5|  1.6|  1.3
         Wages..........................|  1.9|  1.8|  1.8|  1.3|  1.5|  1.6|  
1.4|  1.5|  1.3
         Benefits.......................|  2.5|  2.4|  2.2|  1.8|  2.4|  2.3|  
2.4|  2.2|  1.6
      Goods-producing                   |     |     |     |     |     |     |  
   |     |
         Compensation...................|  1.9|  1.9|  1.9|  1.6|  1.4|  1.4|  
1.4|  1.4|  1.6
         Cash payments(5)...............|  1.5|  1.5|  1.6|  1.4|  1.1|  1.2|  
1.1|  1.2|  1.5
         Wages..........................|  1.6|  1.8|  1.8|  1.5|  1.2|  1.2|  
1.1|  1.2|  1.4
         Benefits.......................|  2.8|  2.9|  2.7|  2.1|  1.9|  1.8|  
1.8|  1.8|  1.7
      Service-producing                 |     |     |     |     |     |     |  
   |     |
         Compensation...................|  2.2|  2.1|  2.0|  1.2|  1.8|  1.8|  
2.0|  2.0|  1.5
         Cash payments(5)...............|  2.1|  1.9|  1.8|  1.1|  1.5|  1.6|  
1.6|  1.6|  1.3
         Wages..........................|  2.0|  1.9|  1.8|  1.0|  1.5|  1.5|  
1.5|  1.6|  1.3
         Benefits.......................|  2.5|  2.4|  2.2|  1.3|  2.3|  2.2|  
2.7|  2.6|  1.9
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________
 
  1 Includes net increases, decreases, and no change.  Excludes potential chang
es from
contingent pay provisions.
  2 Changes under settlements reached in the period expressed as an average ann
ual rate over
the life of the contract.
  3 Preliminary revised.
  4 Preliminary.
  5 Cash payments include wages and lump-sum payments.
  6 Contingent pay provisions include COLA clauses and/or contingent lump-sum p
ayment clauses.
 Data exclude potential changes from contingent pay provisions.
 
 
Table 11.  Cost changes:  Average (mean) changes(1) in the cost of compensation
 and components
annualized over the life of the contract(2) in private industry collective barg
aining settlements
covering 5,000 workers or more, 1994 (preliminary)
 
(in percent)
_______________________________________________________________________________
_____________________
                                             |          |          |          |
          |
                                             |          |   Cash   |          |
          | Number of
                   Measure                   |   Compen-|          |   Wages  |
 Benefits |  workers
                                             |  sation  |payments(-|          |
          |  (000's)
                                             |          |    3)    |          |
          |
_______________________________________________________________________________
_____________________
                                             |          |          |          |
          |
                                             |          |          |          |
          |
                                             |          |          |          |
          |
     All industries..........................|    1.5   |    1.4   |    1.3   |
    1.8   |     835
                                             |          |          |          |
          |
        With contingent pay provisions(4)....|    2.2   |    1.8   |    1.6   |
    3.0   |     228
        Without contingent pay provisions(4).|    1.3   |    1.3   |    1.2   |
    1.3   |     607
                                             |          |          |          |
          |
     Manufacturing...........................|    1.9   |    1.7   |    1.5   |
    2.3   |     194
                                             |          |          |          |
          |
     Nonmanufacturing........................|    1.4   |    1.3   |    1.3   |
    1.6   |     641
                                             |          |          |          |
          |
     Goods-producing.........................|    1.6   |    1.5   |    1.4   |
    1.7   |     354
                                             |          |          |          |
          |
     Service-producing.......................|    1.5   |    1.3   |    1.3   |
    1.9   |     481
_______________________________________________________________________________
_____________________
 
  1 Includes net increases, decreases, and zero change.  Excludes potential cha
nges from contingent
pay provisions.
  2 Changes under settlements reached in the period expressed as an average ann
ual rate over the
life of the contract.
  3 Cash payments include wages and lump sum payments.
  4 Contingent pay provisions include COLA clauses and/or contingent lump sum p
ayment clauses.  Data
exclude potential changes from contingent pay provisions.
NOTE:  Because of rounding, sums of individual employment items may not equal t
otals.
 
 
 
Table 12.  Cost changes:  Percent distribution of workers in
private industry collective bargaining settlements covering
5,000 workers or more, by average (mean) changes(1) in
compensation costs annualized over the life of the contract,(2)
1994 (preliminary)
_______________________________________________________________
                                                  |
                     Measure                      |     All
                                                  | industries
_______________________________________________________________
                                                  |
                                                  |
Total number of workers (in thousands)............|      835
                                                  |
                                                  |
Percent of workers                                |
                                                  |
  All settlements.................................|     100
                                                  |
     No change....................................|       0
     Decreases(3).................................|       5
     Increases....................................|      95
                                                  |
        Under 1 percent...........................|      23
        1 and under 2 percent.....................|      44
        2 percent and over........................|      29
                                                  |
                                                  |
Changes (in percent):                             |
  Mean change (percent)...........................|     1.5
  Median change...................................|     1.8
                                                  |
     Mean increase (percent)......................|     1.7
     Median increase..............................|     1.8
_______________________________________________________________
 
  1 Includes net increases, decreases, and zero change.
Excludes potential changes from contingent pay provisions.
  2 Changes under settlements reached in the period expressed
as an average annual (compound) rate over the life of the
contract.
  3 Distributions are not shown to protect confidentiality.
NOTE:  Because of rounding, sums of individual employment items
may not equal totals.
 
 
 
Table 13.  Rate changes:  Average changes in wages in private industry collecti
ve bargaining agreements covering 1,000
workers or more, by year and quarter
 
(in percent)
_______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________
                                             |               |
                                             |Annual averages|                 
      Quarterly averages
                                              _________________________________
______________________________________________
                                             |       |       |                 
              |
                    Item                     |       |       |              199
3             |              1994
                                                              _________________
______________________________________________
                                             |  1993 |  1994 |                 
              |
                                             |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |       |       |       |
                                             |       |       |   I   |   II  | 
 III  |   IV  |  I(1) | II(2) | III(2)| IV(2)
_______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________
                                             |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |       |       |       |
                                             |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |       |       |       |
  Average wage rate change (3)...............|   3.0 |   2.7 |   0.5 |   0.9 | 
  0.8 |   0.7 |   0.4 |   0.8 |   0.9 |   0.6
                                             |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |       |       |       |
    Source:                                  |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |       |       |       |
    Current settlements......................|   0.9 |   0.6 |   0.1 |   0.2 | 
  0.1 |   0.5 |   0.1 |   0.2 |   0.1 |   0.2
       Prior settlements.....................|   1.9 |   1.9 |   0.3 |   0.7 | 
  0.6 |   0.2 |   0.3 |   0.6 |   0.7 |   0.3
       COLA provisions.......................|   0.2 |   0.2 |   0.1 |   0.1 | 
 (4)  |  (4)  |  (4)  |   0.1 |   0.1 |   0.1
                                             |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |       |       |       |
    Industry                                 |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |       |       |       |
    Manufacturing............................|   3.3 |   2.4 |   0.6 |   0.9 | 
  0.6 |   1.1 |   0.4 |   0.7 |   0.6 |   0.6
       Nonmanufacturing......................|   2.8 |   2.9 |   0.4 |   1.0 | 
  0.9 |   0.6 |   0.4 |   0.9 |   1.0 |   0.6
       Nonmanufacturing excluding            |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |       |       |       |
   construction..............................|   2.8 |   2.9 |   0.4 |   0.8 | 
  0.9 |   0.7 |   0.4 |   0.6 |   1.2 |   0.7
       Construction..........................|   2.7 |   2.7 |   0.3 |   1.6 | 
  0.7 |   0.1 |   0.3 |   1.6 |   0.7 |   0.2
       Transportation and public utilities...|   3.0 |   2.8 |   0.4 |   0.7 | 
  1.1 |   0.7 |   0.2 |   0.7 |   1.9 |   0.2
       Wholesale and retail trade............|   2.3 |   2.9 |   0.4 |   0.9 | 
  0.3 |   0.6 |   0.6 |   0.7 |   0.5 |   1.1
       Services..............................|   3.4 |   3.3 |   0.6 |   0.7 | 
  1.5 |   0.6 |   0.8 |   0.3 |   0.6 |   1.6
       Goods-producing.......................|   3.1 |   2.5 |   0.5 |   1.1 | 
  0.6 |   0.8 |   0.4 |   1.0 |   0.6 |   0.5
       Service-producing.....................|   2.8 |   2.9 |   0.5 |   0.8 | 
  0.9 |   0.7 |   0.4 |   0.6 |   1.2 |   0.6
                                             |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |       |       |       |
  Average wage rate increase(5)..............|   3.5 |   3.3 |   2.0 |   2.5 | 
  2.7 |   2.5 |   1.7 |   2.2 |   2.5 |   2.0
                                             |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |       |       |       |
    Source:(6)                               |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |       |       |       |
    Current settlements......................|   3.2 |   3.3 |   3.0 |   3.0 | 
  2.7 |   2.9 |   3.6 |   2.7 |   3.0 |   2.9
       Prior settlements.....................|   3.4 |   3.4 |   3.1 |   3.3 | 
  3.0 |   3.2 |   2.7 |   3.2 |   3.5 |   2.9
       COLA provisions.......................|   1.3 |   1.7 |   0.5 |   0.7 | 
  0.5 |   0.3 |   0.3 |   0.5 |   0.5 |   0.7
                                             |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |       |       |       |
  Number of workers receiving wage increases |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |       |       |       |
   (in thousands)(7).........................|4,795.1|4,620.5|1,377.9|2,116.4|1
,715.0|1,603.9|1,324.8|2,021.4|2,057.7|1,557.0
                                             |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |       |       |       |
    Source:                                  |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |       |       |       |
    Current settlements......................|1,671.7|1,060.8|  221.8|  358.9| 
 359.5|  883.9|  141.8|  430.6|  315.5|  279.5
       Prior settlements.....................|2,999.2|3,037.3|  535.4|1,121.2|1
,163.0|  377.0|  556.7|  941.0|1,133.7|  648.6
       COLA provisions.......................|  872.2|  759.0|  666.9|  661.8| 
 273.4|  720.5|  687.9|  655.8|  627.1|  694.2
                                             |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |       |       |       |
  Number of workers not receiving a wage     |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |       |       |       |
   increase (in thousands)...................|  681.0|  799.1|4,098.2|3,359.7|3
,761.2|3,872.2|4,094.8|3,398.2|3,361.9|3,862.6
_______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________
 
  1 Preliminary revised.
  2 Preliminary.
  3 Includes increases, decreases, and zero change in wages stemming from curre
nt settlements, settlements reached in a prior
period, and COLA clauses.  Because of rounding and compounding, sums of individ
ual items may not equal totals.
  4 More than 0 and less than 0.05 percent.
  5 Reflects only contracts where the net effect of increases and decreases fro
m all sources was a wage rate increase.
  6 Reflects only contracts where the net effect of increases and decreases fro
m each source was a wage rate increase.
  7 The employment total does not equal the sum of employment for each source, 
because some workers received wage changes
from more than one source.
 
 
 
 
Table 14.  Rate changes:  Average changes in wages in private industry collecti
ve bargaining
agreements covering 1,000 workers or more during 4-quarter periods
 
(in percent)
_______________________________________________________________________________
______________________
                                     |
                                     |                      Four quarters ended
                                      _________________________________________
______________________
                                     |                               |
                Item                 |              1993             |         
     1994
                                      _________________________________________
______________________
                                     |       |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |
                                     |   I   |   II  |  III  |   IV  |  I(1) | 
II(1) | III(1)| IV(2)
_______________________________________________________________________________
______________________
                                     |       |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |
                                     |       |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |
                                     |       |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |
    Average wage rate change (3).....|   3.0 |   2.9 |   2.6 |   3.0 |   2.9 | 
  2.7 |   2.9 |   2.7
                                     |       |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |
                                     |       |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |
      Source:                        |       |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |
        Current settlements..........|   0.8 |   0.7 |   0.6 |   0.9 |   0.9 | 
  0.9 |   0.8 |   0.6
        Prior settlements............|   1.8 |   1.8 |   1.8 |   1.9 |   1.8 | 
  1.7 |   1.9 |   1.9
        COLA provisions..............|   0.4 |   0.4 |   0.3 |   0.2 |   0.2 | 
  0.2 |   0.2 |   0.2
                                     |       |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |
      Industry                       |       |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |
        Manufacturing................|   2.9 |   3.0 |   2.7 |   3.3 |   3.1 | 
  2.9 |   2.9 |   2.4
        Nonmanufacturing.............|   3.0 |   2.8 |   2.6 |   2.8 |   2.8 | 
  2.7 |   2.9 |   2.9
        Nonmanufacturing excluding   |       |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |
         construction................|   2.9 |   2.9 |   2.6 |   2.8 |   2.8 | 
  2.7 |   2.9 |   2.9
        Construction.................|   3.3 |   2.7 |   2.5 |   2.7 |   2.7 | 
  2.7 |   2.9 |   2.7
        Transportation and public    |       |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |
         utilities...................|   2.8 |   2.9 |   2.5 |   3.0 |   2.7 | 
  2.7 |   3.4 |   2.8
        Wholesale and retail trade...|   3.1 |   3.0 |   2.4 |   2.3 |   2.5 | 
  2.3 |   2.4 |   2.9
        Services.....................|   3.2 |   3.3 |   3.8 |   3.4 |   3.5 | 
  3.1 |   2.3 |   3.3
        Goods-producing..............|   3.0 |   2.8 |   2.6 |   3.1 |   2.9 | 
  2.8 |   2.9 |   2.5
        Service-producing............|   2.9 |   2.9 |   2.7 |   2.8 |   2.8 | 
  2.6 |   2.9 |   2.9
                                     |       |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |
                                     |       |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |
    Average wage rate increase(4)....|   3.6 |   3.6 |   3.4 |   3.5 |   3.4 | 
  3.4 |   3.6 |   3.3
                                     |       |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |
                                     |       |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |
      Source:(5)                     |       |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |
        Current settlements..........|   3.5 |   3.1 |   3.0 |   3.2 |   3.1 | 
  2.9 |   3.0 |   3.3
        Prior settlements............|   3.7 |   3.5 |   3.3 |   3.4 |   3.3 | 
  3.3 |   3.4 |   3.4
        COLA provisions..............|   2.0 |   2.0 |   1.8 |   1.3 |   1.2 | 
  1.1 |   1.4 |   1.7
                                     |       |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |
    Number of workers receiving wage |       |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |
    increases (in thousands)(6)......|4,630.8|4,528.5|4,468.8|4,795.1|4,691.5|4
,591.3|4,502.6|4,620.5
                                     |       |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |
                                     |       |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |
      Source:                        |       |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |
        Current settlements..........|1,347.8|1,405.0|1,229.8|1,671.7|1,646.7|1
,740.7|1,682.0|1,060.8
        Prior settlements............|2,706.0|2,785.0|2,965.9|2,999.2|2,989.1|2
,888.2|2,965.4|3,037.3
        COLA provisions..............|1,067.4|1,064.2|  921.2|  872.2|  839.2| 
 843.2|  783.7|  759.0
                                     |       |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |
    Number of workers not receiving a|       |       |       |       |       | 
      |       |
    wage increase (in thousands).....|  888.7|  991.0|1,050.7|  681.0|  784.7| 
 884.9|  973.5|  799.1
_______________________________________________________________________________
______________________
 
  1 Preliminary revised.
  2 Preliminary.
  3 Includes increases, decreases, and zero change in wages stemming from curre
nt settlements,
agreements reached in a prior period, and COLA clauses.  Because of rounding an
d compounding, sums of
individual items may not equal totals.
  4 Reflects only contracts where the net effect of increases and decreases fro
m all sources was an
increase.
  5 Reflects only contracts where the net effect of increases and decreases fro
m each source was an
increase.
  6 The employment total does not equal the sum of employment for each source, 
because some workers
received wage changes from more than one source.