IR 8208: COMPARATIVE AND INTERNATIONAL LABOR MOVEMENTS

                             IR 8032
                                      
         COMPARATIVE AND INTERNATIONAL LABOR MOVEMENTS   

                       Winter Quarter, 1994
                          J. G. Scoville

               Blegen Hall 420:::Mondays 1730-2100


The objective of IR 8032 is to explore the foundations of labor
movements in the political, social and economic processes of
societies undergoing change under tension.  This will involve
readings, lectures, discussions, a group project, and a course
paper.  The participants in this course will:

     o write a brief review of two films to be shown on January 3;
     o present to the group a succinct summary of the development
and salient characteristics of the industrial relations
arrangements of an industrialized country; 
     o write a paper (on the order of 10-15 pages) on an
international or comparative topic; 
     o participate in a group project under item 9(B) in the
syllabus, and
     o participate in the discussions of the group.  

There will be no final exam; papers (or extensive outlines for a
subsequent Plan B paper) are due at the last class.  Because of the
unavoidable absence of the instructor on January 3 and the holiday
two weeks later, our last meeting will be on the Monday of Exam
Week, March 14, unless some other date better fits the needs of the
group.  (Depending on the size and schedules of the class, our
regular meetings might also be rescheduled.)

Grading will be as follows: Film reviews, 5%; "Country paper" (oral
presentation, any handouts, etc.), 30%; Term paper, 35%; Group
Project assigned under 9(B) below, 20%; participation, 10%.

The presentation of "country papers" will probably begin with the
session of January 31. A word of caution is needed about the vast
amounts of historical material which can often make these papers
very long while obscuring the important differences between
countries today: depending on the size of the class, figure that
you will have about half an hour to summarize the process of
evolution of each country to its present situation.  We will choose
countries and fix dates at the session of January 10.

While the country presentation is, by its nature, largely
descriptive, it is intended that the term paper be more analytical. 
Simple description will not do.  (A suggestion about these papers: 
consider the possibility of applying the quantitative methods that
most of you have studied to existing published data.)  A list of
some past topics (actual or suggested) is attached to give you some
idea of what can be done.

The scheduled topics of the course with readings (and occasional
suggestions for further reading) are shown below.  

                         COURSE SCHEDULE

1.  January 3.  Introduction, Orientation, and Administrivia 

     Syllabus will be distributed and 2 films ("Global Assembly  
Line" and "Factory and Market Place Revolution) will be     shown. 
Please write a 3 to 4 page review of these films: we   will begin
the class of Jan. 10 with a discussion of them.
     
     Michael Poole, Industrial Relations, chs. 1, 2.
     
     John T. Dunlop,  Industrial Relations Systems, pp. 1-32.


2.  January 10. (A) The LDC's of 200 Years Ago 
               (B) Governments and Labor

     Vincent J. Knapp,  Europe in the Era of Social
     Transformation:  1700 - Present, pp. 17-107; 135-164.

     Adolf Sturmthal, Unity and Diversity in European Labor,     
Chs.1,2.
     .......

     Gaston V. Rimlinger, "Labor and the Government:  A     
Comparative Historical Perspective," Journal of Economic    
History, Vol. 37, March 1977, p. 210-229.

[.]   January 17.  MLK Day: no class.
     
3.  January  24. (A) Towards a Theory of the Labor Movement 
              (B) Industrial Relations Systems

     Sturmthal and Scoville (eds.).  The International Labor
     Movement in Transition, pp. 1-33; 58-78.

     S. M. Lipset, "Radicalism or Reformism:  Sources of Working
     Class Politics", APSR, March, 1983.
     .......

     Noah Meltz, "Dunlop's Industrial Relations Systems after    
three decades," in Roy Adams (ed.), Comparative Industrial  
Relations.

4.  January 31.  The Data Base - Surveys of National Industrial
Relations Arrangements 

     For discussion in class, countries should be drawn from the
     following list:  United Kingdom, Germany, France,
     Netherlands, Denmark, Sweden, Italy, Japan, and Australia.
     Canada, the earlier "Yugoslav model" and whatever remains of
     it, Israel, the former Soviet Union, Spain, and the smaller
     European states have second-order priority.  There are
     numerous works on individual nations; check the Reference
     Room.  Detailed information on many countries is found in R.
     Blanpain, ed., International Encyclopedia for Labour Law and
     Labour Relations.

5.  February 7.  Continuation of Development of the Data Base
     
     Focal countries and team memberships for 9(B) exercise should
     be chosen no later than this session.

6.  February 14.  (A) "American exceptionalism" in Broader       
          Perspective 
               (B)  Women's issues, roles, and institutions in
                    the Labor Movement: comparative         
          perspectives 

     Articles by M. Wallace (Newspapers), C. Pellegrini (Public  
Transit), E. Kassalow (Steel) and discussions by W. Solomon      
and J. Scoville, "Impact of World Recession on Labor   relations,"
1984 IRRA Proc., pp. 325-59.  A fuller version of      the Kassalow
piece appears in Labour and Society, Sept. 1985.

     Francis Maupain, "Federalism and international labour  
Conventions," ILR, Nov.-Dec. 1987.
     .......

     Robert Husbands, "Sex Harassment Law in employment: an      
international perspective," ILR 1992:6.

     Francois Eyraud, "Equal Pay and the value of work in   
industrial countries," ILR 1993:1.

     Anne Trebilcock, "Strategies for Strengthening women's      
participation in trade union leadership," ILR 1991:4.
     
     Alice Cook, Val Lorwin, and Arlene Daniels, eds., Women     
          and Trade Unions in 11 Industrialized Countries,  
          ch. 1.

7.  February 21.    (A) The Shape and Control of Conflict 
               (B) Modifications and Alternatives to "Capitalist
                    Management" 
     
     Douglas A. Hibbs, "Industrial Conflict in Advanced Industrial
     Societies," The American Political Science Review, Vol. LXX,
     December 1976, pp. 1033-1058.

     Poole, ch. 6
     .......
     Scoville,  "Organizing Our Thoughts About Workers'
     Participation," Labour and Society, Vol. 5, No. 3, July,
     1980, pp. 255-265.

     E.Kassalow, "Industrial Democracy and Collective Bargaining: 
     A Comparative View," Labour and Society, Vol. 7, No. 3,     
July-September 1982, pp. 209-229.

     "Workplace Justice" session in 1993 IRRA Proceedings.

     Roy Adams, "Universal Joint Regulation: A moral imperative,"
     1990 IRRA Proceedings.

8.  February 28 (A)  The International Movement of Human Resources 
              (B)  Transnational Problems and Organizations,     
               including the ILO

     Ron Bean, Comparative Industrial Relations, ch. 8
     
     Georges Minet,  "Spectators or Participants?  Immigrants and
     Industrial Relations in Western Europe," International Labour
     Review, Vol. 117, January-February, 1978, pp. 21-35.

     S. Castles and G. Kosack, Immigrant Workers and Class  
Structure in Western Europe, ch. II, "Migration to Western  
Europe."  A descriptive chapter.
     .......

     Lloyd Ulman, "Multinational Unionism:  Incentives, Barriers,
     and Alternatives," Industrial Relations, Vol. 14, February,
     1975, pp. 1-31.
     
     Stephen Schlossberg, "United States Participation in the ILO:
     Redefining the Role," Comparative Labor Law Journal, Fall   
1989, pp. 48-80.



9.  March 7.  (A)  Distribution of Results

          (B) Close-up on Health and Retirement Systems
          Depending on the number of students in the course, we
          will have one or more comparative reports on a key     
     "workers' issue"---the provision of health care.  The  
     central issues are availability, the delivery system,  
     and the financing of the system.  

          Poole, ch. 8.

10. March 14  (A)  Labor issues in Developing Areas
              (B)   Perspective and Overview (including brief    
          discussion of your papers)

     Bean, chs. 9, 10
     
     Scoville, "Social Tensions, Labor Market Conditions, and    
Industrial Conflict," in Japan Institute of Labour, Social  
Tensions and Industrial Relations Arising in the Industrial      
Relations Processes of Asian Countries, 1979 Asian Regional      
conference on IR.

     Scoville, "Industrial Conflict in Africa: A look at the     
1980s," Nigerian J. of I. R., 1989.

     Tayo Fashoyin, "Recent Trends in Industrial Relations  
Research and Theory in Developing countries," in Roy Adams  (ed.),
Comparative Industrial Relations

     Michel Bonnet, "Child Labour in Africa," ILR, 1993:3.

     Poole, ch. 9
     .......

     Thomas Kirkwood and Horst Mewes.  "The Limits of Trade Union
     Power in the Capitalist Order:  The Case of West German     
Labour's quest for codetermination," British Journal of     
Industrial Relations, Vol. XIV, November 1976, pp. 295-305.

     Johannes Schregle.  "Comparative Industrial Relations: 
     Pitfalls and Potential," International Labour Review, Vol.
     120, January-February 1981, pp. 15-30.

     J. Due, J. S. Madsen and C. Stroby-Jensen, "The Social
     Dimension: Convergence or diversification of IR in the Single
     European Market?" IRJ, 22:2, summer 1991.

     Everett Kassalow, "Trade Unions and Industrial relations,   
Toward the 21st Century," Bulletin of Comparative Labor     
Relations #16, 1987.
          
                              *****



To facilitate thinking about seminar papers, here are examples of
topics that could be used or have been used.  While most of the
topics are historical (reflecting data and literature likely to be
available) and labor-relations related, you will note that some are
based in comparative personnel and HRM.  You should feel free to
write a paper from any part of the broad field of IR---just so long
as it is comparative.

Effects of Migrant or "guest" Workers in (Country) on Wages,
Industrial Relations, etc.

Impacts of Codetermination in Germany

Scandinavian Proposals for Worker Stock Funds, etc.

Modernization and Dockworkers (or Printers and Compositors, or
Railway Workers, or many others) in (Country)

Party/Union Relationships in ___________ 

The Structure of Collective Bargaining in the (Industry) in
Countries A, B, C

The Passage and Repeal of the British Industrial Relations Act of
1971

Costs and Benefits (to Worker and Union) of Settling certain
Questions in Various Countries (e.g., Comparative Costs and
Benefits of U.S. Arbitration, German Labor Courts and French
conseils de Prud'hommes)

Absenteeism Levels in Various Industries in Various Countries

Labor Market Adjustment Programs in Various Countries

Earlier Experiments with International Trade Union or Labor
Activity

Union Attitudes to Job Enlargement in Norway, Britain and the U.S.
(or A, B, C)

Approaches to Occupational Health and Safety Legislation (etc.,
etc.) in A, B, C

Family Allowances and the rise of female labor force participation

Sex Discrimination Legislation in (Country)

Systems of Pay in (Industry) in various countries

The structure and components of compensation in X

Multinational Collective Bargaining Prospects in the         
Industry

Comparable Worth in International Perspective

Comparative Rule of Government in Fixing Benefits in the U.S. and
Another Country

Protective Labor Legislation in A, B, C

Effects of Works Councils on Personnel Practice in W. Germany

Selected Personnel Practices in the MNC

Training and Development practices in X, Y, Z

Use and Validation of Tests in A, B, C

Safety (including worker compensation) rules/practices in _____




Rev. 1-3-94