TH 5-7:30                                          Jonathan Zeitlin
6101 Soc Sci                   4233A Social Science/5216 Humanities

Employers and management are increasingly seen as the driving force
behind the development and transformation of national industrial
relations systems.  This course will assess such claims through a
theoretical, comparative and historical analysis of labour management
and employer organization in developed capitalist countries.
Particular attention will be paid to the "exceptionalism" of American
employers in relation to their counterparts in Western Europe and

Participation is open to graduate students with a basic working
knowledge of comparative industrial relations.  Enrollment will be
limited to 25 students, to preserve the seminar character of the

During the semester, students will be asked to make two or three oral
presentations in class, summarizing assigned readings and preparing
themes for discussion.  These presentations will then form the basis
of short written papers (8-10 pages), due two weeks after the class
discussion.  In addition, students will be asked to write a longer
paper (c. 20 pages), comparing the role of employers and management in
the development and/or transformation of the industrial relations
system of at least two countries.  This paper will be due on the last
day of class.  The seminar presentations/short papers and the longer
paper will each contribute 50 percent to a student's overall grade.
Active classroom participation may modify a student's overall grade

All starred and most unstarred books listed in this syllabus are on
reserve in the Helen C. White College Library.  Some of them may also
be on reserve in the Somers Reference Library on the eighth floor of
the Social Science Building.  This library also holds copies of the
unpublished manuscripts listed in the syllabus, as well as of those
book chapters and journal articles that it does not otherwise hold.

The most important works for each session are indicated by an asterisk
(*).  All students are expected to read these in order to participate
effectively in the seminar discussion.  Other works listed are
additional readings for the use of those preparing seminar
presentations or writing course papers.

      Course Texts


      Tolliday, S. and J. Zeitlin (eds.), 1991: The Power to Manage?
         Employers and Industrial Relations in Comparative-Historical
         Perspective (New York: Routledge).

      Lane, C., 1990: Management and Labor in Europe: The Industrial
         Enterprise in Germany, Britain and France (Aldershot: Edward

      Sisson, K., 1987: The Management of Collective Bargaining: An
         International Comparison (Oxford: Basil Blackwell).


      Windmuller, J. and A. Gladstone (eds.), 1984: Employers' Associations
         and Industrial Relations (Oxford: Clarendon Press).

      Kochan, T.A., H.C. Katz and R.B. McKersie, 1986: The Transformation of
         American Industrial Relations (New York: Basic Books).

      Gordon, A., 1985: The Evolution of Labor Relations in Japan: Heavy
         Industry, 1853-1955 (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press).


      1. Introduction

      *Tolliday, S. and J. Zeitlin, 1991a: "Introduction: Employers and
         Industrial Relations Between Theory and History", in Tolliday and
         Zeitlin (eds.), The Power to Manage? Employers and Industrial
         Relations in Comparative-Historical Perspective (New York:
         Routledge), pp. 1-34

      *Tolliday, S. and J. Zeitlin, 1991b: "Conclusion: "National Models and
         International Variations in Labour Management and Employer
         Organization", in ibid., pp. 273-343.

      These readings will also be relevant to most of the subsequent

      2. Theories of Labor Management

      *Tomlinson, J.D., 1984: "Economic and Sociological Theories of the
         Enterprise and Industrial Democracy", British Journal of Sociology
         35: 591-605.

      *Gospel, H.F., 1988: "The Management of Labour: Great Britain, the US,
         and Japan", Business History 30: 104-115.

      *Hyman, R., 1987: "Strategy or Structure? Capital, Labor and Control",
         Work, Employment and Society 1: 25-55.

      *Thompson, P., 1989: The Nature of Work: An Introduction to Debates on
         the Labour Process (2nd edition, London: Macmillan), pp. 38-179,

      *Putterman, L. (ed.), 1986: The Economic Nature of the Firm: A Reader
         (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), pp. 1-29, 44-60, 92-99,
         135-55, 269-328.

      3. Theories of Employer Organization

      *Olson, M., 1965: The Logic of Collective Action: Public Goods and the
         Theory of Groups (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press).

      *Offe, C. and Wiesenthal, H., 1980: "Two Logics of Collective Action",
         in M. Zeitlin (ed.), Political Power and Social Theory 1: 67-115;
         reprinted in C. Offe, Disorganized Capitalism (Cambridge: Polity,
         1985), pp. 170-220.

      *Streeck, W. and P.C. Schmitter, 1981: "The Organization of Business
         Interests: A Research Design to Study the Associative Action of
         Business in the Advanced Industrial Societies of Western Europe",
         IIM/LMP Discussion Paper 81-13 (Berlin: WZB).

      *Saxenian, A. 1989: "In Search of Power: The Organization of Business
         Interests in Silicon Valley and Route 128", Economy & Society 18:


      Streeck, W. and P.C. Schmitter, 1985: "Community, Market, State -- and
         Associations? The Prospective Contribution of Interest Governance
         to Social Order", in Streeck and Schmitter (eds.), Private Interest
         Government: Beyond Market and State (Beverly Hills, CA: Sage), pp.

      *Streeck, W., 1991: "Interest Heterogeneity and Organizing Capacity:
         Two Logics of Collective Action?", in: R.M. Czada and A. Windoff-
         H!ritier (eds.), Political Choice: Institutions, Rules, and the
         Limits of Rationality (Frankfurt/Boulder: Campus/Westview).

      4. Comparative Perspectives: Labor Management

      *Lane, C., 1990: Management and Labor in Europe: The Industrial
         Enterprise in Germany, Britain and France (Aldershot: Edward

      *Maurice, M., A. Sorge and M. Warner, "Societal Differences in
         Organizing Manufacturing Units: A Comparison of France, West
         Germany and Great Britain", Organization Studies 1 (1980) 1: 59-86.

      Maurice, M., F. Sellier and J.J. Silvestre, 1986: The Social
         Foundations of Industrial Power: A Comparison of France and Germany
         (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press).

      Sorge, A. and M. Warner, 1986: Comparative Factory Organization: An
         Anglo-German Comparison of Management and Manpower in Manufacturing
         (Aldershot: Gower), pt. II.

      Rose, M. 1985: "Universalism, Culturalism and the Aix Group: Promise
         and Problems of a Societal Approach to Economic Institutions",
         European Sociological Review 1: 65-83.

      5. Comparative Perspectives: Employer Organization

      *Sisson, K., 1987: The Management of Collective Bargaining: An
         International Comparison (Oxford: Basil Blackwell).

      *Sisson, K. 1991: "Employers and the Structure of Collective
         Bargaining: Distinguishing Cause and Effect", in Tolliday and
         Zeitlin, The Power to Manage?, pp. 256-72.

      6. The United States: Historical

      *Jacoby, S.M. (ed.), 1990: "American Exceptionalism Revisited: The
         Importance of Management", in Jacoby, Masters to Managers:
         Historical and Comparative Perspectives on American Employers (New
         York: Columbia University Press), pp. 173-200.

      *Haydu, J., 1988: "Employers, Unions and American Exceptionalism: Pre-
         War Open Shops in the Machine Trades in Comparative Perspective",
         International Review of Social History 33: 25-41.


      *Harris, H. 1991: "Employers' Collective Action in the Open Shop Era:
         The Metal Manufacturers' Association of Philadelphia, c. 1903-
         1933", in Tolliday and Zeitlin, The Power to Manage?, pp. 117-46.

      plus at least one of the following books:

      Nelson, D., 1975: Managers and Workers: Origins of the New Factory
         System in the United States, 1880-1920 (Madison: Wisconsin
         University Press).

      Nelson D. 1980: Frederick W. Taylor and the Rise of Scientific
         Management (Madison: Wisconsin University Press).

      Jacoby, S.M., 1985: Employing Bureaucracy: Managers, Unions and the
         Transformation of Work in American Industry, 1900-1945 (New York:
         Columbia University Press).

      Harris, H., 1982: The Right to Manage: Industrial Relations Policies
         of American Business in the 1940s (Madison: Wisconsin University

      7. The United States: Contemporary

      *Kochan, T.A., H.C. Katz and R.B. McKersie, 1986: The Transformation
         of American Industrial Relations (New York: Basic Books).

      *Derber, M. 1984: "Employers' Associations in the United States", in
         J. Windmuller and A. Gladstone (eds.), Employers' Associations and
         Industrial Relations (Oxford: Clarendon Press), pp. 80-114.

      Slichter, S., J.J. Healy and E.R. Livernash, 1960: The Impact of
         Collective Bargaining on Management (Washington D.C.: Brookings

      Somers, G.G., 1980: Collective Bargaining: Contemporary American
         Experience (Madison: IRRA), chs. 1-5, 7.

      Lipsky, D.B. and Donn, C.B., 1987: Collective Bargaining in American
         Industry (Lexington, MA: D.C. Heath), chs. 2-6.

      Foulkes, F.K., 1980: Personnel Policies in Large Non-Union Companies
         (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall).

      Kochan, T. (ed.), 1985: Challenges and Choices Facing American Labor
         (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press), pt. II: "Employer Strategies for Union
         Avoidance", pp. 75-124.

      8. Britain: Historical

      *Gospel, H.F. 1992: Markets, Firms and the Management of Labour: The
         British Experience in Historical Perspective, (Cambridge: Cambridge
         University Press, forthcoming, manuscript on reserve), chs. 1-5,
         pp. 1-101.

      *Tolliday and Zeitlin, The Power to Manage?, chs. 1-2, pp. 35-80.


      *Tolliday, S., 1986: "Management and Labour in Britain, 1896-1939", in
         S. Tolliday and J. Zeitlin (eds.), The Automobile Industry and Its
         Workers: Between Fordism and Flexibility (New York: St. Martins
         Press), pp. 29-56.

      Fitzgerald, R.F. 1987: British Labour Management and Industrial
         Welfare, 1846-1939 (London: Croom Helm).

      Gospel, H.F. and C.R. Littler (eds.), 1983: Managerial Strategies and
         Industrial Relations: A Comparative and Historical Survey (London:
         Heinemann, 1983).

      Phelps Brown, H., 1983: The Origins of Trade Union Power (Oxford:
         Clarendon Press), pp. 98-131.

      Harvey, C. and J. Turner (eds.), 1989: Business and Labour in
         Twentieth-Century Britain (London: Frank Cass).

      9, Britain: Contemporary

      *Gospel, Markets, Firms and the Management of Labour, chs. 6-9, pp.

      *Armstrong, E.G.A., 1984: "Employers' Associations in Great Britain",
         in Windmuller and Gladstone, Employers' Associations and Industrial
         Relations, pp. 44-78.

      *Brown, W. and J. Walsh, 1991: "Pay Determination in Britain in the
         1980s: The Anatomy of Decentralization", Oxford Review of Economic
         Policy 7, 1: 44-59.

      Batstone, E. 1988: The Reform of Workplace Industrial Relations:
         Theory, Myth and Evidence, chs. 2, 4-5.

      Marginson, P. et al., 1988: Beyond the Workplace: Managing Industrial
         Relations in Multi-Establishment Companies (Oxford: Basil

      Tolliday, S. 1991: "Ford and Fordism in Britain: Enterprise Management
         and the Control of Labour, 1937-1987", in Tolliday and Zeitlin, The
         Power to Manage?, pp. 81-116.

      McKinlay, A., and McNulty, D., 1991: "Open Secrets and Hidden Agendas:
         Working Time, Flexibility and Industrial Relations in British
         Engineering", in P. Blyton and J. Morris (eds.), A Flexible Future?
         Prospects for Employment and Organization (New York: Walter de
         Gruyter), pp. 295-307.

      Hirst, P. and J. Zeitlin, "Flexible Specialisation and the Competitive
         Failure of UK Manufacturing", Political Quarterly (Apr.-Jun.): 164-


      10. Germany: Historical

      *Geary, D., 1991: "The Industrial Bourgeoisie and Labour Relations in
         Germany, 1871-1933", in D. Blackbourn and R.J. Evans (eds.), The
         German Bourgeoisie (New York: Routledge).

      *Tolliday and Zeitlin, The Power to Manage?, chs. 5-6, pp. 147-203.

      *Feldman, G., 1981: "German Interest Group Alliances in War and
         Inflation, 1914-23", in S. Berger (ed.), Organizing Interests in
         Western Europe (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), pp. 159-84.

      *Weisbrod, B., 1990: "Entrepreneurial Politics and Industrial
         Relations in Mining in the Ruhr Region: From Managerial Absolutism
         to Co-determination", in G.D. Feldman and K. Tenfelde (eds.),
         Workers, Owners and Politics in Coal Mining (New York: St. Martins
         Press), pp. 118-202.

      Spencer, E.G. 1984: Management and Labor in Imperial Germany: Ruhr
         Industrialists as Employers, 1896-1914 (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers
         University Press).

      Feldman, G., 1970: "German Business Between War and Revolution: The
         Origins of the Stinnes-Legien Agreement", in G.A. Ritter (ed.),
         Enstehung und Wandel der modernen Gesellschaft (Berlin: de
         Gruyter), pp. 312-41.

      Weisbrod, B., 1979: "Economic Power and Political Stability
         Reconsidered: Heavy Industry in Weimar Germany", Social History 4:

      Pierenkemper, T., 1990: "Trade Associations in Germany in the Late
         Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries", in H. Yamazaki and M.
         Miyamoto (eds.), Trade Associations in Business History (Tokyo:
         Tokyo University Press), pp. 233-68.

      11. Germany: Contemporary

      *Berghahn, V. R., and D. Karsten, 1988: Industrial Relations in West
         Germany (New York: St. Martin's), ch. 1, pp. 9-32.

      *Bunn, R. F., 1984: "Employers Associations in the Federal Republic of
         Germany", in: J. P. Windmuller and A. Gladstone, eds., Employers
         Associations and Industrial Relations: A Comparative Study,
         (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 169-201.

      *Streeck, W., 1984: "Co-Determination: The Fourth Decade". In: B.
         Wilpert and A. Sorge, eds., International Perspectives on
         Organizational Democracy, International Yearbook of Organizational
         Democracy, vol. II, (Chichester etc.: John Wiley & Sons), pp. 393-

      *Streeck, W., 1984: "Neo-Corporatist Industrial Relations and the
         Economic Crisis in West Germany", in: J. H. Goldthorpe, ed., Order
         and Conflict in Contemporary Capitalism (Oxford: Clarendon Press),
         pp. 291-314


      *Katzenstein, P. 1989: Industry and Politics in West Germany: Toward
         the Third Republic (Ithaca: Cornell University Press), chs. 4-8,
         pp. 87-248.

      Berghahn, V.R., 1986: The Americanization of West German Industry,
         1945-1973 (New York: St. Martins Press).

      Lawrence, P., 1980: Managers and Management in West Germany (London:
         Croom Helm).

      Streeck, W., 1983: "Between Pluralism and Corporatism: German Business
         Associations and the State", Journal of Public Policy 3: 265-84.

      Streeck, W., 1989: "The Territorial Organization of Interests and the
         Logics of Associative Action: The Case of Handwerk Organization in
         West Germany", in W.D. Coleman and H.J. Jacek (eds.), Regionalism,
         Business Interests and Public Policy (Beverly Hills, CA: Sage), pp.

      12. Sweden: Historical and Contemporary

      *Skogh, G., 1984: "Employers Associations in Sweden", in Windmuller
         and Gladstone, Employers Associations and Industrial Relations, pp.

      *Swenson, P., 1990: "Bringing Capital Back In, Or Social Democracy
         Reconsidered: Employer Power, Cross-Class Alliances, and
         Centralization of Industrial Relations in Denmark and Sweden",
         unpublished manuscript.

      *Jackson, P. and K. Sisson, 1976: "Employers' Confederations in Sweden
         and and the U.K. and the Significance of Industrial
         Infrastructure", British Journal of Industrial Relations 14: 306-23

      *Bengtsson, L. et al., 1984: "The Associative Action of Swedish
         Business Interests: The Swedish Employers' Confederation and
         CEntralized Collective Bargaining in 1980, 1981 and 1983", IIM/LMP
         Discussion Paper 84-24 (Berlin: WZB).

      *Ahlen, K., 1989: "Swedish Collective Bargaining Under Pressure:
         Inter-Union Rivalry and Incomes Policies", British Journal of
         Industrial Relations 27: 330-346.

      *Postoff, V., 1991: "The Demise of the Swedish Model and the Rise of
         Organized Business as a Major Political Actor", unpublished

      De Geer, H., n.d.: "A Successful Strategy of Defence: Employers,
         Industrial Relations and Industrial Rationalization in Sweden,
         1900-1950", unpublished manuscript.

      Auer, P. and C, Riegler, 1990: "Post-Taylorism: The Enterprise as a
         Place of Learning Organizational Change.  A Comprehensive Study on
         Work Organization Changes and Its Context at Volvo", unpublished


      Fulcher, J., 1988: "On the Explanation of Industrial Relations
         Diversity: Labour Movements, Employers and the State in Britain and
         Sweden", British Journal of Industrial Relations 26: 246-74

      Ingham, G., 1974: Strikes and Industrial Conflict: Britain and
         Scandinavia (London: Macmillan).

      13. Japan: Historical

      *Gordon, A., 1985: The Evolution of Labor Relations in Japan: Heavy
         Industry, 1853-1955 (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press).

      *Jacoby, S.M. 1989: "Pacific Ties: Industrial Relations and Employment
         Systems in Japan and the US Since 1900", unpublished manuscript.

      *Dore, R. 1973: British Factory-Japanese Factory (Berkeley: California
         University Press), chs. 14-15, pp. 375-420.

      Garon, S., 1988: The State and Labor in Modern Japan, (Palo Alto:
         Stanford University Press).

      Nakagawa, K. (ed.), 1979: Labor and Management (Tokyo: Tokyo
         University Press), pp. 1-44, 127-240.

      Yui, T. and Nakagaw, K., (eds.), 1989: Japanese Management in
         Historical Perspective (Tokyo: Tokyo University Press).

      Yamazaki and Miyamoto, Trade Associations in Business History, pp. 1-

      Gordon, A. 1989: "Business and the Corporate State: The Business Lobby
         and Bureaucrats on Labor, 1911-41", in W.D. Wray (ed.), Managing
         Industrial Enterprise: Case Studies from Japan's Prewar Experience
         (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press), pp. 53-85.

      Moore, J. 1983: Japanese Workers and the Struggle for Power, 1945-1947
         (Madison: Wisconsin University Press).

      Japan: Contemporary

      *Koike, K., 1988: Understanding Industrial Relations in Modern Japan
         (New York: St. Martin's Press).

      *Levine, S. B., 1984: "Employers Associations in Japan", in Windmuller
         and A. Gladstone, pp. 318-56

      *Kume, I., 1988: "Changing Relations Among the Government, Labor, and
         Business in Japan After the Oil Crisis", International
         Organization, 42: 659-87.

      *Kenny, M. and R. Florida, 1989: "Japan's Role in a Post-Fordist Age",
         Futures 21: 136-51.

      Dore, British Factory-Japanese Factory, chs. 1-13.


      Cusumano, M., 1985: The Japanese Automobile Industry: Technology and
         Management at Nissan and Toyota (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University

      Clark, R., 1979: The Japanese Company (New Haven: Yale University

      Abbeglen, J.C. and G. Stalk, 1985: Kaisha: The Japanese Company (New
         York: Free Press.

      Friedman, D., 1988: The Misunderstood Miracle: Industrial Development
         and Political Change in Japan (Ithaca: Cornell University Press).

      15. Employers, Management and the Future of Industrial Relations

      *Sabel, C.F., 1991: "Moebius-Strip Organizations and Open Labor
         Markets: Some Consequences of the Reintegration of Conception and
         Execution in a Volatile Economy", in J. Coleman and P. Bourdieu
         (eds.), Social Theory for a Changing Society (Boulder: Westview

      *Sabel, C.F., 1989: "Flexible Specialization and the Re-emergence of
         Regional Economies", in P. Hirst and J. Zeitlin (eds.), Reversing
         Industrial Decline? Industrial Structure and Policy in Britain and
         Her Competitors (New York: St. Martins Press), pp. 17-70.

      *Streeck, W., 1987: "The Uncertainties of Management in the Management
         of Uncertainty: Employers, Labour Relations and Interest Adjustment
         in the 1980s", Work, Employment and Society 1: 281-308; also in
         International Journal of Political Economy 17, 3: 57-87.

      *Jones, B., 1991: "Technological Convergence and the Limits to
         Managerial Control", in Tolliday and Zeitlin, The Power to Manage?,
         pp. 231-55.

      *Windolf, P., 1989: "Productivity Coalitions and the Future of
         European Corporatism", Industrial Relations 28: 1-20.

      *Sisson, K. 1990: "Employers' Organizations and the Industrial
         Relations Strategies of Individual Employers", unpublished