Spring 1994                    W 3:00-5:30   6101 Social Sciences?

Jonathan Zeitlin                            6321 Social Science/2-1131
                                                5213 Humanities/5-2523
This course will examine the origins, dynamics, and future prospects
of the Japanese employment system.  Among the issues considered will
be: similarities and differences in comparison to the employment
systems of other advanced capitalist countries; management and the
firm; work organization and production; skill formation; enterprise
unionism; collective bargaining; changing relations between business,
labor, and the state; small firms and subcontracting; and Japanese
transplants abroad.

Participation is open to graduate students with a basic working
knowledge of comparative industrial relations.  Enrollment will be
limited to 20 students, to preserve the seminar character of the

During the semester, students will be asked to make oral presentations
in class, summarizing assigned readings and preparing themes for
discussion.  One of these presentations will then form the basis of a
short written paper (8-10 pages), due by the end of the eighth week of
classes.  In addition, students will be asked to write a longer paper
(c. 20 pages), on a topic to be agreed with the instructor.  This
paper will be due on the last day of class.  The seminar
presentations/short paper and the longer paper will each contribute 50
percent to a student's overall grade.  Active classroom participation
may modify a student's overall grade upwards.

Most books listed in this syllabus are on reserve in the Helen C.
White College Library.  Some of them may also be on reserve in the
Somers Reference Library on the eighth floor of the Social Science
Building.  This library also holds copies of the unpublished
manuscripts listed in the syllabus, as well as of those book chapters
and journal articles that it does not otherwise hold.  Books indicated
with an asterisk (*) have been ordered for student purchase at the
University Bookstore.

      Week One: Introductory Meeting

      Part I: The Japanese Employment System: Comparative Overviews

      Week Two: Understanding Japanese Industrial Relations

      Koike, Kazuo, 1988: Understanding Industrial Relations in Modern Japan
         (New York: St. Martin's Press).

      Week Three: Late Development

      *Dore, Ronald, 1990: British Factory-Japanese Factory (Berkeley:
         California University Press, 2nd edition).

      Additional Reading

      Cole, Robert E., 1978: "The Late Developer Hypothesis: An Evaluation
         of Its Relevance for Japanese Employment Practices", Journal of
         Japanese Studies 4: 247-65.

      Dore, Ronald, 1979a: "More on Late Development", Journal of Japanese
         Studies 5: 137-51.

      Dore, Ronald, 1979b: "Industrial Relations in Japan and Elsewhere",
         in: Albert M. Craig, ed., Japan: A Comparative View (Princeton:
         Princeton University Press): 325-61.

      Dore, Ronald, 1987: Taking Japan Seriously (Palo Alto: Stanford
         University Press): esp. chs. 1, 5, 9, pp. 3-19; 85-107; 169-92.

      Part Two: Origins and Historical Development

      Week Four: Management and Workers

      *Gordon, Andrew, 1985: The Evolution of Labor Relations in Japan:
         Heavy Industry, 1853-1955 (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University

      Gordon, Andrew, 1993: "Contests for the Workplace", in Andrew Gordon,
         ed., Postwar Japan as History (Berkeley: University of California
         Press): 373-94.

      Week Five: Rise of the Labor Movement

      *Gordon, Andrew, 1990: Labor and Imperial Democracy in Prewar Japan
         (Berkeley: University of California Press).

      Additional Reading

      Large, Stephen, 1981: Organized Workers and Socialist Politics in
         Interwar Japan (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).


      Large, Stephen, 1972: The Rise of Labor in Japan: The Yuaikai 1912-19
         (Tokyo: Sophia University Press).

      Week Six: The Role of the State

      *Garon, Sheldon, 1988: The State and Labor in Modern Japan, (Palo
         Alto: Stanford University Press).

      Gordon, Andrew, 1989: "Business and the Corporate State: The Business
         Lobby and Bureaucrats on Labor, 1911-41", in W.D. Wray (ed.),
         Managing Industrial Enterprise: Case Studies from Japan's Prewar
         Experience (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press): 53-85.

      Garon, Sheldon and Mike Mochizuki, 1993: "Negotiating Social Contracts
         in Postwar Japan", in Gordon, Postwar Japan as History: 145-66.

      Part Three: Postwar Dynamics and Future Prospects

      Week Seven: Management and the Firm

      Aoki, Masahiko, 1987: "The Japanese Firm in Transition", in: Kozo
         Yamamura and Yasukichi Yasuba (eds.), The Political Economy of
         Japan, volume 1: The Domestic Transformation (Palo Alto: Stanford
         University Press): 263-88.

      Aoki, Masahiko, 1990: "Toward an Economic Model of the Japanese Firm",
         Journal of Economic Literature 28: 1-27.

      *Clark, Rodney, 1979: The Japanese Company (New Haven: Yale University

      Additional Reading

      Abbeglen, James C. and George Stalk, 1985: Kaisha: The Japanese
         Company (New York: Free Press.

      Fruin, W. Mark, 1992: The Japanese Enterprise System (Oxford:
         Clarendon Press).

      Week Eight: Work Organization and Production

      *Cusumano, Michael A., 1985: The Japanese Automobile Industry:
         Technology and Management at Nissan and Toyota (Cambridge, MA:
         Harvard University Press): chs. 4-6, pp. 186-373.

      Womack, James et al., 1992: The Machine that Changed the World (New
         York: HarperCollins): chs. 3-4, pp. 48-104.

      Dohse, Knuth et al., 1986: "From 'Fordism' to 'Toyotism'? The Social
         Organization of the Labor Process in the Japanese Automobile
         Industry", Politics & Society 14: 115-46.


      Kenny, Martin and Richard Florida, 1988: "Beyond Mass Production:
         Production and the Labor Process in Japan", Politics & Society 16:

      Sayer, Andrew, 1986: "New Developments in Manufacturing: The Just-In-
         Time System", Capital & Class 30: 43-72.

      Aoki, Keisuke, "Flexible Work Organization and Management Control in
         Japanese-Style Management", International Journal of Political
         Economy (Fall): 49-69.

      Week Nine: Skill Formation

      Koike, Kazuo, 1987: "Human Resource Development and Labor-Management
         Relations", in: Yamamura and Yasukichi, Political Economy of Japan,
         Volume 1: 289-330.

      Dore, Ronald and Mari Sako, 1989: How the Japanese Learn to Work
         (London: Routledge): esp. chs. 1-3, 6-7, pp. 1-55, 76-135.

      Whittaker, D.H., 1990: Managing Innovation: A Study of British and
         Japanese Factories (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press): esp.
         chs. 1, 5-8, pp. 1-19, 99-163.

      Cole, Robert E., 1992: "Some Social and Cultural Sources of
         Innovation: Small Group Activities in Comparative Perspective", in
         Shumpei Kumon and Henry Rosovsky (eds.), The Political Economy of
         Japan, Volume 3: Cultural and Social Dynamics (Palo Alto: Stanford
         University Press): 292-320.

      Week Ten: Enterprise Unionism

      Shirai, Taishiro, 1983: "A Theory of Enterprise Unionism", in:
         Taishiro Shirai (ed.), 1983: Contemporary Industrial Relations in
         Japan (Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press): 117-43.

      Seifert, Wolfgang, 1988: "Some Thoughts on the Problem of Internal
         Union Democracy in Japan", Economic and Industrial Democracy 9:

      Deutschmann, Christoph, 1987: "Economic Restructuring and Company
         Unionism -- The Japanese Model", Economic and Industrial Democracy
         8: 463-88.

      Marsh, Robert M., 1992: "The Difference Between Participation and
         Power in Japanese Factories", Industrial and Labor Relations
         Review: 250-7.

      Kawanishi, Hirosuke, 1986: "The Reality of Enterprise Unionism", in:
         Gavan McCormack and Yoshio Sugimoto (eds.), Democracy in
         Contemporary Japan (Sydney: Hale and Iremonger): 138-156.

      Inagami, Takeshi, 1983: Labor-Management Communication at the Workshop
         Level (Tokyo: The Japan Institute of Labour).


      Additional Reading

      *Cusumano, Michael, 1985: The Japanese Automobile Industry: ch. 3, pp.

      Okayama, Reiko, 1986: "Industrial Relations in the Japanese Automobile
         Industry, 1945-70: The Case of Toyota", in: Steven Tolliday and
         Jonathan Zeitlin, eds., The Automobile Industry and Its Workers:
         Between Fordism and Flexibility (New York: St. Martins): 168-90.

      Week Eleven: Collective Bargaining

      Kazutoshi, Koshiro, 1983a: "Development of Collective Bargaining in
         Postwar Japan", in: Shirai, Contemporary Industrial Relations in
         Japan: 205-58.

      Levine, Solomon B., 1984: "Employers' Associations in Japan", in: John
         Windmuller and Alan Gladstone (eds.), Employers' Associations and
         Industrial Relations: 318-56.

      Taira, Koji and Solomon B. Levine, 1985: "Japan's Industrial Rela-
         tions: A Social Compact Emerges", in: Hervey Juris et al. (eds.),
         Industrial Relations in a Decade of Economic Change (Madison, WI:
         IRRA): 247-300.

      Kazutoshi, Koshiro, 1983b: "Labor Relations in Public Enterprises",
         in: Shirai, Contemporary Industrial Relations in Japan: 259-93.

      *Kume, Ikuo, 1993: "A Tale of Twin Industries: Labor Accomodation in
         the Private Sector", in: Gary D. Allinson and Yasunori Sone (eds.),
         Political Dynamics in Contemporary Japan (Ithaca: Cornell
         University Press): 158-80.

      Japan Institute of Labour, 1989: Shunto Wage Offensive: Historical
         Overview and Prospects (Tokyo: Japan Institute of Labour).

      Week Twelve: Business, Labor, and the State: Towards Corporatism?

      Pempel, T.J. and Keichi Tsunekawa, 1979: "Corporatism without Labor?:
         The Japanese Anomaly", in: Philippe Schmitter and Gerhard Lehmbruch
         (eds.), Trends Towards corporatist Intermediation (Beverly Hills,
         CA: Sage): 231-70.

      Kume, Ikuo 1988: "Changing Relations Among the Government, Labor, and
         Business in Japan After the Oil Crisis", International
         Organization, 42: 659-87.

      Shimada, Haruo, 1983: "Wage Determination and Information Sharing: An
         Alternative Approach to Incomes Policy?", Journal of Industrial
         Relations 25: 177-200.

      Dore, Ronald, 1987: "Building an Incomes Policy to Last", in: Taking
         Japan Seriously: 68-84.


      Shalev, Michael, 1990: "Class Conflict, Corporatism and Comparison: A
         Japanese Enigma", in: Shmuel Eisenstadt and Eyal Ben-Ari (eds.),
         Japanese Models of Conflict Resolution (London: Kogan Paul): 60-93.

      Inagami, Takeshi, 1992: "On Japanese-Style Neo-Corporatism: Era of a
         Tripartite 'Honeymoon'?", International Journal of Japanese
         Sociology 1: 61-77.

      Week Thirteen: Small Firms and Subcontracting

      *Friedman, David, 1988: The Misunderstood Miracle: Industrial
         Development and Political Change in Japan (Ithaca, NY: Cornell
         University Press): esp. chs. 1, 4-6, pp. 1-36, 126-228.

      Sabel, Charles F., 1993: "Learning by Monitoring: The Institutions of
         Economic Development", forthcoming in: Neil Smelser and Richard
         Swedberg (eds.), Handbook of Economic Sociology (Princeton:
         Princeton University Press).

      Nishiguchi, Toshihiro, 1987: "Competing Systems of Automotive Supply:
         An Examination of the Japanese 'Clustered Control' Model and the
         'Alps' Model" (unpublished paper, MIT International Motor Vehicle

      Asanuma, Banri, 1989: "Manufacturer-Supplier Relationships in Japan
         and the Concept of Relation-Specific Skill", Journal of the
         Japanese and International Economies 3: 1-30.

      Kiyonari, Tadao, 1979: "Small Businesses", in: Johannes Hirschmeier
         and Hyoe Murakomi (eds.), Politics and Economics in Contemporary
         Japan (Tokyo: Japan Culture Institute): 157-83.

      Additional Reading

      Nishiguchi, Toshihiro, 1993: Strategic Industrial Sourcing: The
         Japanese Advantage (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

      Week Fourteen: Transplants

      Florida, Richard and Martin Kenney, 1991: "Transplanted Organizations:
         The Transfer of Japanese Industrial Organization to the US",
         American Sociological Review 56: 381-98.

      Levine, Solomon B. and Makoto Ohtsu, 1991: "Transplanting Japanese
         Labor Relations", The Annals, AAPSS 513: 102-16.

      Shimada, Haruo and John Paul MacDuffie, 1987: "Industrial Relations
         and 'Humanware': Japanese Investments in Automobile Manufacturing
         in the United States" (unpublished paper, International Motor
         Vehicles Program, MIT).

      Berggren, Christian, 1993: "Lean Production -- The End of History?",
         Work Employment & Society 7: 163-88.


      Wood, Stephen, 1991: "Japanization and/or Toyotism?", Work, Employment
         & Society 5: 567-600.

      Williams, Karel et al., 1992: "Factories or Warehouses: Japanese
         Manufacturing Foreign Direct Investment in Britain and the United
         States", Occasional Papers on Business, Economy and Society no. 6
         (Polytechnic of East London).

      Additional Reading

      Milkman, Ruth, 1991: Japan's California Factories: Labor Relations and
         Economic Globalization (Institute of Industrial Relations, UCLA):
         check for article?

      Florida, Richard and Martin Kenney, 1993: Beyond Mass Production: The
         Japanese System and its Transfer to the US (Oxford: Oxford
         University Press).

      Week Fifteen: The Future of the Japanese Employment System

      Freeman, Richard and Marcus E. Rebick, 1989: "Crumbling Pillar?
         Declining Union Density in Japan", Journal of the Japanese and
         International Economies 3: 578-605.

      Kuwahara, Y., 1990: "Changing Industrial Relations in the Context of
         Industrial Restructuring: The Case of Japan", Bulletin of
         Comparative Labor Relations 20: 147-65.

      Whittaker, D.H., 1989: "The End of Japanese-Style Employment?", Work,
         Employment & Society 4: 321-47.

      Shimada, Haruo, 1992: "Japan's Industrial Culture and Labor-Management
         Relations", in: Kumon and Rosovsky, Political Economy of Japan,
         Volume 3: 267-91.

      *Tsujinaka, Yukata, 1993: "Rengo and its Osmotic Networks", in:
         Allison, Political Dynamics in Contemporary Japan: 200-215.

      *Mochizuki, Mike, 1993: "Public Sector Labor and the Privatization
         Challenge: The Railway and Telecommunications Unions", in: Allison,
         Political Dynamics in Contemporary Japan: 181-99.

Jonathan Zeitlin
Department of History
University of Wisconsin-Madison
5213 Humanities Building
455 N. Park St.
Madison WI 53706

phone: (608) 265-2523/262-1131 (offs.); 263-1800 (dept); 255-4564 (h)
fax: (608) 255-4564