National Budget Simulation

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Military Spending

  Military personnel
  Operation and maintenance
  Research, development, test and evaluation
  Military Construction, Family Housing and Other
  Atomic Energy Defense Activities
  Defense-related activities

Iraq and Afghanistan Operations

  Military Operations
  Reconstruction Aid

Veterans and Military Retirement

  Military retirement benefits
  Disability and insurance for veterans
  Veterans education, training, and rehabilitation
  Hospital and medical care for veterans and retired military
  Housing and other veterans benefits and services

International affairs

  International development and humanitarian assistance
  International military aid
  Conduct of Foreign Affairs
  Foreign information and exchange activities

General science, space, and technology

  National Science Foundation programs
  Department of Energy general science programs
  Space flight, research, and supporting activities

Non-Defense Energy Spending

  Energy supply
  Energy conservation and preparedness
  Energy conservation, preparedness, & regulation

Natural resources and environment

  Water resources
  Conservation and land management
  Recreational & Park resources
  Pollution control and abatement
  Other natural resources


  Farm income stabilization and crop insurance
  Agricultural research and services

Commerce and Housing Loan Programs

  Housing loan programs
  Postal service
  Deposit insurance
  Universal service fund

  Other advancement of commerce


  Highways and highway safety
  Mass transit
  Air transportation
  Water transportation
  Other transportation

Community and regional development

  Community development
  Area and regional development
  Disaster relief and insurance


  Elementary, Secondary & Vocational education
  Higher education
  Research and general education

Training, Labor and Unemployment Programs

  Training and employment
  Labor law, statistics, and other administration
  Unemployment compensation:

Non-Medicare Health Spending

  Medicaid grants
  State Children's Health Insurance
  Indian health
  Substance abuse and mental health services
  Disease control, public health and bioterrorism
  Health research and training
  Food safety and occupational health and safety
  Other health care services


  Hospital insurance (HI)
  Supplementary medical insurance (SMI)
  Prescription drug benefit

  Health care fraud and abuse control

Civilian Retirement (Social Security excluded)

  General retirement and disability insurance
  Federal employee retirement and disability
  Federal employees' and retired employees' health benefits

Aid to Low-Income Families

  Housing assistance
  Food stamps
  Other nutrition programs (WIC, school lunches)
  Supplemental security income (SSI)
  Low-income family support payments (TANF)
  Earned Income Tax Credit
  Child tax credit
  Child care funds
  Other aid to low-income families

General Family Support

  Foster care and adoption assistance
  Child support and family support programs
  Social and family services

Social security

  Old-age and survivors insurance(OASI)
  Disability insurance (DI)

Administration of justice

  Federal law enforcement
  Border security and immigration
  Federal litigation and judicial activities
  Federal prison system
  Criminal justice assistance

General government administration

  Legislative functions
  Executive Office programs
  IRS and other fiscal operations
  Other general government

Net interest

  Net Interest paid on the national debt

Undistributed offsetting receipts and allowance

  Undistributed offsetting receipts and allowance

Tax Expenditures and Tax Cuts


2001 and 2003 Tax Cuts

  Benefits for Richest 1% of Taxpayers ($374,000/yr & above)
  Benefits for Next Richest 4% of Taxpayers ($154,000 to $374,000/yr)
  Benefits for Next Richest 15% of Taxpayers ($77,000 to $154,000/yr)
  Benefits for Next 20% of Taxpayers ($46,000 to $77,000/yr)
  Benefits for Bottom 60% of Taxpayers ($46,000/yr and less)

Corporate Tax Breaks

  Untaxed Foreign Profits
  R&D Tax Breaks
  Energy, Mining and Timber Tax Breaks
  Tax-Free Bonds and Charitable Contributions
  Other Corporate Tax Breaks

Personal Business and Investment Benefits

  Lower tax rates on capital gains (excluding homes)
  Step-up basis of capital gains at death
  Tax-Free Bonds
  Enterprise & Empowerment Zones and New Markets credit
  Other personal investment tax breaks credit

Pension and Retirement Deductions

  Tax-free employer-paid pensions
  401K & Keogh plans

  Individual Retirement Accountas (IRAs)
  Exemption of tax on group and personal life insurance
  Untaxed social security benefits
  Other retirement benefits

Health Insurance Tax Benefits

  Employer-paid Health Insurance
  Self-employed medical insurance premiums
  Medical Savings/Health Savings Accounts
  Deductibility of medical expenses

Housing Tax Benefits

  Mortgage interest
  Deductibility of property taxes on homes
  Capital gains on homes
  Exclusion of net imputed rental income on owner-occupied homes
  Housing bonds & low-income housing investments
  Exception from passive loss rules for $25,000 of rental loss

Other personal tax expenditures

  Charitable Contributions
  Deductibility of state and local taxes other than property taxes
  Soldiers and veterans tax benefits
  Workmen's compensation
  Education deductions and credits
  Child credit
  Child care credits and deductions
  Deduction for the blind and elderly
  Social Security benefits for disabled and survivors
  Untaxed foreign personal income
  Employee parking and transit expenses
  Adoption and foster care tax credits
  Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC)- revenue loss component
  Miscellaneous fringe benefits

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